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Allocating Arrays with Placement new-2 : Page 2




Application Security Testing: An Integral Part of DevOps

Good Ol' new
Before discussing array allocations, let's remind ourselves the basics i.e., how to use placement new. The scalar (i.e. non-array) version placement new takes a user-supplied address on which it constructs an object. Unlike the ordinary new operator, placement new doesn't allocate storage for the object; it merely constructs it on the memory address given. Here's an example:

#include <new> //required for using placement new class Widget {..}; char* buff=new char [sizeof (Widget)];//preallocate storage Widget* pw= new(buff) Widget; //construct Widget on buff pw->Draw(); //use Widget

The destruction of such an object consists of two steps. First, invoke its destructor explicitly:

pw->~Widget(); //explicit destructor invocation

Then, reclaim the raw memory:

delete[] buff;

Array Allocation
Array allocation requires the same steps, albeit with some subtle differences. First, allocate a buffer large enough to hold an array of the desired type:

const int ARRSIZE=5; char * buff=new [sizeof(Widget)*ARRSIZE];

Next, construct an array of ARRSIZE objects on the buffer using placement new []:

Widget* pw=new(buff) Widget[ARRSIZE];//construct an array

You can now use this array as usual:

for (int i=0; i<ARRSIZE; i++) { pw[i].Draw(); }

Note: Remember that in order to create an array of X, class X must have an accessible default constructor.

Array Destruction
To destroy such an array, call each element's destructor explicitly:

int i=ARRSIZE; while (i) pw[--i].~Widget()

Notice that the while-loop uses a descending order to preserve the canonical destruction order of C++: the array element with the highest index is destroyed first, because it was constructed last.

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