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Connecting a Smartphone 2003 Application to a Remoting Infrastructure : Page 4

Despite the fact that remoting is not currently supported in .NET Compact Framework applications running on the Smartphone 2003 platform, by using a third-party object request broker (ORB) you can interact with remote objects.


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The server is a console application project. It includes the same implementations of the SubscriberAccount and SubscriberInfo classes as the subscriber (see Listing 2 and Listing 3). Because the primary focus of this article is on the mobile device, I'll discuss the host code only in general terms, but you can download the sample code to explore further.
 
Figure 4. The Host Project: The Serializable classes and the generated stub code are shared between the host and the subscriber projects.
The file ChatHost.cs (see Listing 6) contains the host's main() method, which instantiates a ChatHost object and then calls the method runHost(). This method, like the client code, creates a new ORB and registers its services with the MiddCor Name Service.

The class HostImpl maintains the list of subscribers and contains the implementations of the exposed methods signOn(), signOff(), and sendMessage(). The latter calls the private method distributeMessage() that iterates through the list of subscribers and calls displayMessage() for each one.

 
Figure 5. The Smartphone Emulator: The emulator is not the tool of choice to test a distributed application because it does not support callbacks.
The signOn() method calls createSubscriberInfoList() and creates an instance of the SubscriberInfo[] array of subscribers for each new subscriber. It calls the method querySubscriberInfo() added to SubscriberAccount on the host to spawn a SubscriberInfo instance.

Deploy and Test
The host executable requires the Name Service (MCns.exe) to be running. You can test the subscriber client without a mobile device; however, to run the client in debug mode, you must either deploy it to a physical device or to the SmartPhone 2003 emulator. Visual Studio will prompt you for a deployment target whenever you start the debugger. Note that the emulator has some limitations. For instance, it does not support the callback functionality, which means that the displayMessage() method will not work and will eventually time out. With this restriction in mind, use the following steps to test the application:

  • Start the MiddCor Name Service (MCns.exe)
  • Start the host executable (DotNetServer.exe)
  • Start the subscriber executable (DotNetServer.exe)
  • Open the subscriber configuration dialog and provide the correct server IP address, your screen name and your hobby
  • Save your changes
  • Sign on to the host


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