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Create an Object-Oriented JavaScript Calendar Using the Fa-4 : Page 4


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Write the Document Object Methods
You may have noticed that each table cell possesses an onClick event handler that points to a function called changeDate() and that the four navigation strings call a function called changeMonth(). You must declare these functions outside of the calendar object even though doing that breaks the object-oriented principle of encapsulation, because the document object raises the events they handle, not the calendar object.

The project uses some JavaScript trickery to get a reference to the current calendar object. Basically, it converts a string parameter into the current calendar object by passing the argument through the eval() function. The caveat is that when you create the calendar object, the id parameter you pass in must be the same as the variable name you declare. This is a small price to pay to keep a reference to the current calendar. Here's the changeDate() function"

function changeDate(td,cal){ // Some JavaScript trickery // Change the cal argument to the existing // calendar object // This is why the first argument in the // constructor must match the variable name // The cal reference also allows for // multiple calendars on a page cal = eval(cal); document.getElementById(cal.id + "selected").className = "days"; document.getElementById(cal.id + "selected").id = ""; td.className = "date"; td.id = cal.id + "selected"; // set the calendar object to the new date cal.dateObject.setDate(td.firstChild.nodeValue); cal = new calendar(cal.id,cal.dateObject,cal.pix); // here is where you could react to a date change— // I'll just display the formatted date alert(cal.getFormattedDate()); }

In essence, after converting the cal argument into the calendar object, the changeDate() function uses the td reference to exchange the current date's CSS class with the newly clicked-on date. It then sets the date of the internal Date object to the value stored in the cell. Finally, for testing purposes, it displays the formatted date in an alert box—but you can choose to handle the date swap any way you choose.

The changeMonth() function moves the calendar to the next or previous month. It uses the eval() trickery you've already employed in this function to retain a reference to the current calendar object. The good news is that the Date object and, indirectly, the calendar object is smart enough to roll the year forward and backward when necessary. Here's the changeMonth() method:

function changeMonth(mo,cal){ // more trickery! cal = eval(cal); // The Date object is smart enough to // know that it should roll over in December // when going forward and in January // when going back cal.dateObject.setMonth(cal.dateObject.getMonth() + mo); cal = new calendar(cal.id,cal.dateObject,cal.pix); cal.formattedDate = cal.getFormattedDate(); document.getElementById('calContainer').innerHTML = cal.write(); }

Save the file as calendar.js in the same folder as the CSS file.

Create the HTML File
At this point, creating an HTML file to display the calendar is pretty simple—the calendar object itself does most of the work. Open a new file in your text editor and create the following HTML file:



<html> <head> <title>Calendar Demo</title> <script src="calendar.js" type="text/javascript"></script> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="calendar.css"/> </head> <body> <script language="JavaScript"> // create the pix array var pix = new Array(); for(i=0; i<12; i++){ pix[i] = new Image(); pix[i].src = 'images/fractal' + i + '.jpg'; } // Place this script wherever you want your calendar // The first argument must match the var name var thisMonth = new calendar('thisMonth',new Date(),pix); document.write(thisMonth.write()); </script> </body> </html>

Note that you need to create the pix array on the HTML page, rather than in the JavaScript file. This makes sense from an object-oriented standpoint—the pictures for any given calendar are page specific. The sample code uses a naming convention and a for loop to create the image array. Save the file in the same directory as the CSS and JavaScript file.

The Façade design pattern works well in this application. It exposes the data available in the JavaScript Date object, removing the necessity for working directly with the Date object itself, and customizing its functionality specifically for the calendar application. Because the calendar uses some W3C DOM methods in the changeDate() method, you'll need to deploy the calendar component in a browser that adheres to the W3C DOM specification. I tested the calendar application in Mozilla Firebird 0.7, Opera 7.1, and Internet Explorer 6 and it worked beautifully in all three browsers.



Tom Duffy , DevX's JavaScript Pro, is an Associate Professor at Norwalk Community College, Norwalk, CT where he teaches Web Development and Java. Tom is also the Manager of the NCC Ventures Lab, the college's in-house Web design studio. You can reach him via e-mail .
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