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Tip of the Day
Language: C++
Expertise: All
May 6, 1998



Building the Right Environment to Support AI, Machine Learning and Deep Learning

A Few Remarks About Inline Specifier

All member functions implemented within a class declaration are by default inline:
//file:  A.h

class A {
	int a;
	int Get_a() { return a; } //declaration + definition;
 						//implicitly inline
	void Set_a(int aa) { a = aa; } //ditto
	void calc(int *result); //declaration only
Keep in mind, however, that whenever this .h file is #included, the code of the Geta() member function, as well as any other member function defined in the declaration file, is re-compiled. As a result, not only do you end up with longer compilation time, but you also may encounter longer linking time and difficulty to step into the function code during a debugging session. Therefore, it is best to implement all member functions in their corresponding .cpp file and leave only function prototypes in the .h file like this:
//file:  A.h

class A {
	int a;
	inline int Get_a(); //implemented in a separate .cpp file 
	inline void Set_a(int aa);  
	void calc(int *result); 

//file: A.cpp

#include "A.h"

int A::Get_a() 
	return a;

By the way, even when defining these member functions separately, the inline specifier is most likely redundant, since any decent optimizer is clever enough to figure out automatically when a member function should be inlined. In other words, inline is almost never required.
Danny Kalev
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