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Tip of the Day
Language: C++
Expertise: All
Jul 30, 1999



Application Security Testing: An Integral Part of DevOps

A Reference to a Reference is Illegal

What is wrong with this code snippet?

#include <string>
#include <list>
using std::string;
using std::list;

class Node {/*..*/};

int main()
  list <node&> ln; //error

If you try to compile this example, your compiler will issue numerous compilation errors. The problem is that list<T> has member functions that take or return T&. In other words, the compiler transforms <node&> to <node&&>. Because a reference to a reference is illegal in C++, the program is ill-formed. As a rule, you should instantiate templates in the form of list<node> and never as list <node&>.

Danny Kalev
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