You can use the generate()
algorithm to fill up a sequence container with values that you generate by repeatedly calling a function. This algorithm takes three arguments. The first two arguments are forward iterators marking the range and the third one is the function pointeror function object that returns values to be filled in the sequencer container.
Suppose you want fill a vector with numbers sequentially, but want to fill 0 for those number which are not divisible by 3:
int operator () ()
static int i = 0;
return i%3 ? 0 : i;
#include <algorithm> //for generate()
#include <vector> //for vector
generate(vecInt.begin(), vecInt.end(), gen() ); // 0 0 3 0 0 6 0 0 9 0
algorithm is similar in that it invokes the function (the third argument) as many times as is specified in its second argument to fill up the sequence container.
#include <list> //for list
generate_n(back_inserter(lstInt), 5, gen());
The above statement invokes gen()