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Tip of the Day
Language: VB4/32,VB5,VB6
Expertise: Advanced
Jun 3, 2000

Get the Command$ value from inside an ActiveX DLL

At times you may need to access the command line passed to the application from within an ActiveX DLL. Unfortunately, when inside a DLL the Command$ function returns a null string, so you have to resort to some API trickery:

Private Declare Function GetCommandLine Lib "kernel32" Alias "GetCommandLineA" _
    () As Long
Private Declare Function lstrcpy Lib "kernel32" Alias "lstrcpyA" (ByVal _
    lpString1 As String, ByVal lpString2 As Long) As Long

' inside the ActiveX DLL
    
Dim lpStr As Long, i As Long
Dim buffer As String
Dim exePath As String, cmdLine As String
    
' get a pointer to the command line
lpStr = GetCommandLine()
' copy into a local buffer
buffer = Space$(512)
lstrcpy buffer, lpStr
' extract the null-terminated string
buffer = Left$(buffer, InStr(buffer & vbNullChar, vbNullChar) - 1)
    
If Left$(buffer, 1) = """" Then
    ' if the string begins with double quotes,
    ' find the closing quotes
    i = InStr(2, buffer, """")
    exePath = Mid$(buffer, 2, i - 2)
    ' the rest of the line is the command line
    cmdLine = LTrim$(Mid$(buffer, i + 1))
Else
    ' otherwise just find the space that separates
    ' the EXE name/path and the command line
    i = InStr(buffer, " ")
    exePath = Left$(buffer, i - 1)
    cmdLine = LTrim$(Mid$(buffer, i))
End If
Now cmdLine holds the command line passed to the main application, and exePath is the name and path of the EXEcutable file. Note that according to MSDN exePath contains only the EXE name under NT/2000 (as opposed to the full path) but it doesn't appear to be true (at least under NT SP4).
Francesco Balena
 
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