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Tip of the Day
Language: VB5,VB6
Expertise: Advanced
Jul 1, 2000

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Prevent dragging elements in a ListView control

The ListView control doesn't expose any property that lets you disable the dragging of its elements. To do so, you must trap the WM_NOTIFY message that the ListView control sends its parent form when the drag operation begins, and "eat" it. Using the MSGHOOK.DLL subclassing library it's easy to accomplish it:

' REQUIRES THE MSGHOOK.DLL LIBRARY

Const WM_NOTIFY = &H4E
Const LVN_FIRST = -100&
Const LVN_BEGINDRAG = (LVN_FIRST - 9)

Private Declare Sub CopyMemory Lib "kernel32" Alias "RtlMoveMemory" (dest As _
    Any, source As Any, ByVal bytes As Long)

Private Type NMHDR
   hwndFrom As Long
   idFrom As Long
   code As Long
End Type

Dim WithEvents FormHook As MsgHook

Private Sub Form_Load()
    ' start subclassing the current form
    Set FormHook = New MsgHook
    FormHook.StartSubclass Me

    ' fill the ListView1 control with data
    ' ... (omitted) ...
End Sub

' this event fires when the form is sent a message

Private Sub FormHook_BeforeMessage(uMsg As Long, wParam As Long, lParam As Long, _
    retValue As Long, Cancel As Boolean)
    
    ' the ListView might be notifying something to its parent form
    If uMsg = WM_NOTIFY Then
        ' copy the MNHDR structure pointed
        ' to by lParam to a local UDT
        Dim nmh As NMHDR
        CopyMemory nmh, ByVal lParam, Len(nmh)

        ' check whether the notification is from the ListView1 control
        ' and whether it's the beginning of a drag operation
        If nmh.hwndFrom = ListView1.hWnd And nmh.code = LVN_BEGINDRAG Then
            ' yes, cancel this operation
            retValue = 1
            Cancel = True
        End If
    End If
End Sub

Francesco Balena
 
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