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Tip of the Day
Language: VB7
Expertise: Advanced
May 19, 2003

CreateFileAssociation - Creating a new file association

<System.Runtime.InteropServices.DllImport("shell32.dll")> Shared Sub _
    SHChangeNotify(ByVal wEventId As Integer, ByVal uFlags As Integer, _
    ByVal dwItem1 As Integer, ByVal dwItem2 As Integer)
End Sub


' Create the new file association
'
' Extension is the extension to be registered (eg ".cad"
' ClassName is the name of the associated class (eg "CADDoc")
' Description is the textual description (eg "CAD Document"
' ExeProgram is the app that manages that extension (eg "c:\Cad\MyCad.exe")

Function CreateFileAssociation(ByVal extension As String, _
    ByVal className As String, ByVal description As String, _
    ByVal exeProgram As String) As Boolean
    Const SHCNE_ASSOCCHANGED = &H8000000
    Const SHCNF_IDLIST = 0

    ' ensure that there is a leading dot
    If extension.Substring(0, 1) <> "." Then
        extension = "." & extension
    End If

    Dim key1, key2, key3 As Microsoft.Win32.RegistryKey
    Try
        ' create a value for this key that contains the classname
        key1 = Microsoft.Win32.Registry.ClassesRoot.CreateSubKey(extension)
        key1.SetValue("", className)
        ' create a new key for the Class name
        key2 = Microsoft.Win32.Registry.ClassesRoot.CreateSubKey(className)
        key2.SetValue("", description)
        ' associate the program to open the files with this extension
        key3 = Microsoft.Win32.Registry.ClassesRoot.CreateSubKey(className & _
            "\Shell\Open\Command")
        key3.SetValue("", exeProgram & " ""%1""")
    Catch e As Exception
        Return False
    Finally
        If Not key1 Is Nothing Then key1.Close()
        If Not key2 Is Nothing Then key2.Close()
        If Not key3 Is Nothing Then key3.Close()
    End Try

    ' notify Windows that file associations have changed
    SHChangeNotify(SHCNE_ASSOCCHANGED, SHCNF_IDLIST, 0, 0)
    Return True
End Function
Marco Bellinaso
 
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