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Introduction to XQuery (Part 3 of 4)

Learn how to use XQuery's FLWR (for, let where, and return) expressions to process and restructure data from one or more documents.




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n this article, you'll explore one of the most interesting types of XQuery expressions—the FLWR expression, and see more detail on element constructors.

XQuery provides FLWR expressions for iterating over groups of nodes and for binding variables to intermediate results. The letters in the name "FLWR", pronounced "flower", stem from the keywords for, let, where, and return—the four clauses in a FLWR expression. FLWR expressions are useful for processing and restructuring data from one or more documents.

For example, the following query returns the list of email addresses of all customers in the document customers.xml.

# see XQuery31.ixq in samples.zip <customers> { for $c in document("data/customers.xml")//customer return $c/email } </customers>

The query result looks like this:

<customers> <email>joe@nowhere.com</email> <email>andy@playallday.com</email> <email>amanda@areyousure.com</email> <email>bill@xmlforme.com</email> </customers>

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