Special Characters and XML Strings

XML has a special set of characters that cannot be used in normal XML strings. These characters are:

  1. & – &
  2. < - <
  3. > – >
  4. ” – "
  5. ‘ – '

For example, the following XML string is invalid:

 IBM & Microsoft

Whereas the following is valid XML:

 IBM & Microsoft

?Note that we have replaced ‘&’ with ‘&’ in the second XML string which makes it valid.

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