Browse DevX
Sign up for e-mail newsletters from DevX

Tip of the Day
Language: Java
Expertise: Beginner
Apr 4, 2018

Assembling XML with String Operations

String name = …

String attribute = …

String xml = "<root>"+"<name attribute=\""+ attribute +"\">"+ name +"</name>"+</root>";

Many beginners are tempted to create an XML file like the one listed above using String operations because it is easier, but this approach fails to escape reserved characters. If one of the variable name or attribute contain any of the reserved characters <,>,&, " or ' the result would be invalid.

The solution would be that the XML should be assembled in a DOM, using the JDom library, like this:

Element root = new Element("root");

Root.setAttribute("attribute", attribute);


Document doc = new Document();


XMLOutputter out = new XMLOutputter(Format.getPrettyFormat());

String xml = out.outputString(root);
Octavia Anghel
Thanks for your registration, follow us on our social networks to keep up-to-date