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Always Initialize Pointers

Always Initialize Pointers

An uninitialized pointer has an indeterminate value. It’s almost impossible to test subsequently whether such a pointer is valid, especially if it is passed as an argument to a function, which in turn, can only verify that it is not NULL:

 void func(char *p );void main(){  char * p; //dangerous; an uninitialized pointer        //_many lines of code; p left uninitialized by mistake  if (p) //erroneously assuming that a non-NULL value indicates a valid address  {    func(p);   // func has no way of knowing whether p has a valid address; undefined behavior expected  }}

Even if your compiler does initialize pointers automatically, your code will be more readable and portable if you use explicit initializations.

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