The #define Directive

When you compile a program the compiler first uses a preprocessor to analyze the code. The #define directive can be used to either define a constant number or function or to replace an instruction in your code.

For instance:

#define for_ever_do while(1)

This means you can use for_ever_do instead of while(1) and the effect will be the same because the preprocessor first replaces for_ever_do with while(1) and then the program is compiled. With #define you can also create function or more precisely called, a macro.

Here's another example:

#define sqr(x) (x*x)

When you call sqr(6), the preprocessor will first replace sqr(6) with (6*6) and then compile the program.

Another thing that you can do with #define is concatanate two variables. For example:

#define conc(a,b)int main() {int xyz=123,try=125;cout<

This will display 123 125 because the preprocessor replaces conc(xy,z) with xyz and then evaluates it.

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