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Language: VB5,VB6
Expertise: Intermediate
Jul 15, 2000



Building the Right Environment to Support AI, Machine Learning and Deep Learning

Beware of hidden circular references between a form and an object

Many VB developers use a class module to augment the capabilities of a control on a form. For example, consider this simple example, that formats a currency value in a TextBox control when the focus leaves the control:

' ------ the FORM1 module
Dim Formatter As New CFormatter

Private Sub Form_Load()
    ' bind the object to a textbox
    Set Formatter.TextBox = Text1
End Sub

' -------- the CFORMATTER class module
Public WithEvents TextBox As TextBox

Private Sub TextBox_LostFocus()
    ' format the value when the focus leaves the control
    TextBox.Text = Format(TextBox.Text, "###,##0.00")
End Sub

The above code contains an hidden circular reference between the form and the instance of the CFormatter class. The circular reference isn't apparent at first, because the CFormatter object references the Text1 control, not the form itself. However, because the Text1 control - or any other control for that matter - can exist without its parent form, this creates the circular reference.

This hidden circular reference can cause a memory leak in your application. In fact, when the VB attempts to unloads

Francesco Balena
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