A function that may throw an exception can warn its users about that by specifying a list of exceptions it may throw, thus helping its users to catch such exceptions appropriately:
int divide (int, int) throw(zerodivide); //may throw an //exception of //type zerodivide (but //no other).
If your function is exception-safe, i.e., does never throw any exception, it can be declared like this:
bool equals (int, int) throw(); //promises not to throw any //exception ever
Mind that a function declared like this:
bool equals (int, int);
on the other hand, says nothing about its exceptions, so it may throw any type of exception or not throw any exception at all.