The brisk advancement of technology has been an unfailing driving force behind the evolution of any development company. With the rise of artificial intelligence (AI) and the spread of drag-and-drop site builders, DIY platforms, and other auxiliary tools, the future of web development is looking more exciting and uncertain than ever. As per Statista, there are over 200 thousand web developers and digital interface designers in the US at the moment, and there will be more than 228 thousand of them by 2032. Such a moderate increase in the not-so-distant future leaves us wondering whether the accelerated expansion of tech will ultimately lead to a dead end for this niche, with machines replacing humans.
In this overview, experts from our web development company will touch on the issue of the future of front-end web development, its recent tendencies, and stirring predictions around it. Whether you’re a business owner or a tech specialist, keep reading to leverage the full potential of the current trends!
The niche’s present state in brief
Front-end development has come a long way since the days of static HTML sites. The industry has undergone some major transformations to cater to the evolving user demands. As of now, it’s an exceedingly dynamic field that boasts frequently emerging trends that inevitably displace each other.
Along with habitual tools, savvy specialists are progressively adopting cutting-edge tech possibilities such as AI-fueled software, computer vision, cryptocurrencies, and other blockchain apps, to name a few.
The future of front-end development powered by smart algorithms
Now let’s take a closer look at the five up-to-the-minute tendencies that, in our view and in accordance with the objective statistics, are determining the future of the front-end: AI, Blockchain, mobile-first approach, the versions of the internet, and the cloud.
Robots at the service of coders
The integration of AI-powered instruments into the programmers’ routine in almost every company has become as evident as ever. With their help, engineers are now able to do more than merely automate tedious pieces of work. AI-fueled tools are becoming indispensable assistants for innovative software creation of the future.
One such AI-driven tool is Github Copilot. It’s known for leveraging machine learning algorithms to promptly make useful suggestions to IT engineers. It inspires them to write error-free segments of code. Specifically, it can complete the scripts, rectify mistakes, and make valuable recommendations for boosting code quality.
Another instrument to greatly help coders in their careers is deep learning frameworks such as TensorFlow and PyTorch. With them, front-end professionals can now create and train neural networks to employ them for diverse assignments, e.g. image and voice recognition and natural language processing. This empowers them to elaborate state-of-the-art solutions of the future that interact with users in a dynamic and engaging manner.
Last but not least in our overview, WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) site builders such as Wix and Squarespace considerably streamline software creation. By involving advanced ML algorithms, they enable specialists to elaborate platforms in an intuitive and automated fashion. They perform an in-depth analysis of the content and structure of your site to subsequently make suggestions for best matching design elements, layouts, and more, saving you precious time and effort for experimenting with edgy design strategies.
The ascent of Blockchain
The future of web development inevitably involves this buzzed technology is essentially a decentralized, distributed ledger. It maintains a constantly growing list of records, called blocks. Each of them contains a timestamp and a link to the previous block. This makes it incredibly resistant to any modification and ensures its authenticity.
In program creation, Blockchain is used to design decentralized apps, also known as dApps. It allows users to interact with the data stored on the network in an extremely secure and transparent fashion.
Those who realize that the future of a web development career is inextricably connected with this actual trend should consider mastering it to gain a solid understanding of its underlying principles. This includes the knowledge of Blockchain architecture, familiarity with the basic functionalities of its protocols, e.g. Ethereum, and understanding of how to automate convoluted processes with smart contracts.
Embracing mobile-driven future
As of the end of last year, over 92% of users worldwide surfed the internet via mobile devices while only 66% of them turned to laptop or desktop computers. With this in mind, the ability to envision mobile-friendly apps marks the present and future of front-end development.
In order to seamlessly optimize mobile solutions for manifold screen sizes and devices, coders must possess well-honed responsive design skills and have a solid understanding of its main principles. Ideally, they should know how to work with different platforms, namely, iOS and Android. Furthermore, seasoned programmers must boast a robust knowledge of mobile-specific technologies, Progressive Web Apps (PWAs), and React Native, to name a few, plus whatever new systems will emerge in the future. Familiarity with major mobile design patterns, e.g. hamburger menus and swipe gestures, is out of the question. Finally, coming up with mobile-friendly programs requires the ability to write efficient scripts that are optimized for handheld devices with limited processing power and memory, although with the evolution of such devices in the future this issue will likely lose its relevance.
Leveraging the capacity of the cloud
Cloud-based services and platforms are known as scalable and cost-effective options for building and running apps that are able to handle immense amounts of data and traffic. Hosting services like AWS, Google Cloud Platform, and Microsoft Azure provide an exceptionally flexible infrastructure for apps, which eliminates the need to manage the convoluted and expensive in-house infrastructure. This opens up new horizons for the future development of any SME company.
With cloud computing, coders now have access to a myriad of once-unavailable or too-expensive resources and tools. This substantially streamlines the collaboration of IT specialists. By sharing these instruments, they now can work together on projects more effectively and deliver faster. The resulting cross-platform apps can be accessed from anywhere and at any time.
The future of web development to a certain extent revolves around the following cloud-centric products:
- Platform-as-a-Service such as Heroku and Netlify gives programmers access to the needed environments in the cloud. This allows them to effortlessly build, smoothly run, and efficiently manage software,
- Databases like Firebase and MongoDB Atlas provide managed services with built-in scaling and backups. This frees up front-end professionals to focus more on elevating user experience rather than handling the infrastructure.
- Content delivery networks with global reach like Cloudflare and Akamai.
The future of a web development career relies on hands-on experience with these instruments.
Web 2.0 and Web 3.0 to form the future of front-end development
A series of significant milestones mark the evolution of the internet. Each new iteration brings expanded capabilities. At this, there are the two turning points that have drastically shaped the present and future of the career of a front-end engineer.
Web 2.0 refers to the second generation of interconnection characterized by enhanced user interactivity and collaboration. This stage brought about the rise of social media, blogs, and other user-generated content platforms. It also introduced breakthroughs like Ajax and RSS, which allowed for more dynamic and responsive products.
Web 3.0 is the next watershed event that marks the future of web development. Also known as the “Semantic Web,” it represents a ubiquitous shift towards intelligent and interconnected technology where information is comprehended and shared by both humans and machines. The spread of state-of-the-art solutions is powered by AI, IoT, machine learning, blockchain, and so on.
For front-end professionals, understanding the principles of the above versions is crucial in order to advance their careers, be ahead of the times, and deliver cutting-edge products.
Key takeaways on the future of front-end web development
It’s clear that some jobs will become automated or replaced by robots in the foreseeable future. But, it’s also true that exciting career opportunities will continuously arise. Some jobs that don’t currently exist will emerge as technology advances. Moreover, diverse jobs are growing in importance as innovative tech becomes inextricably integrated into company operations and our daily lives. The future of front-end web development will keep transforming along with technological advancements.
To successfully face new challenges and opportunities, front-end engineers will therefore definitely need to master emerging tools in the field of AI, data science, cybersecurity, and others, to climb the career ladder and remain competitive.