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Tip of the Day
Language: C++
Expertise: Beginner
Apr 16, 1998

WEBINAR:

On-Demand

Application Security Testing: An Integral Part of DevOps


When is a mem-initializer required?

A const member or a reference member cannot be initialized within an object's constructor. Instead, they must be initialized in the constructor's member-initializer list. Conceptually, mem-initialization takes place before the constructor, so by the time it is invoked, all const and reference members have already been assigned a value:
 
class mem {
	int &ri  const int k; //both must be mem-initialized 
	mem(int i, int j) : ri(i), k(j) {} 
};
Similarly, when a constructor in a derived class has to pass arguments to its base class constructor, a mem-initializer must be used:
 
class base {
	int num1;
	char * text;
	//no default constructor, arguments must be supplied
	base(int n1, char * t) {num1 = n1; text = t; }
};

class derived : public base {
	char *buf
	derived (int n, char * t) : base(n, t) { buf = new char[100];}
};
Danny Kalev
 
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