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Tip of the Day
Home » Tip Bank » C++
Language: C++
Expertise: All
May 12, 1998

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When dynamic_cast<> Fails

The dynamic_cast<> operator may convert an object to another related (derived or a base) object at run-time. When it fails to convert a pointer to the target pointer, it returns NULL:
 
Date date;

string * p = dynamic_cast &date //string and 
Date 					//are not related;  cast fails
if (p) { 
//...
}
else { //failure
//...
}
When it fails to convert an object reference to a reference of an object of the desired type, it throws an exception of type std::bad_cast:
 
try {
string s = dynamic_cast (date); //will surely fail and 
					//throw an exception
}

catch (std::bad_cast)
{

}
So make sure to catch whenever you're using reference cast and always check the returned value when using it for a pointer cast.
Danny Kalev
 
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