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Tip of the Day
Language: VB4/32,VB5,VB6
Expertise: Intermediate
Jun 16, 2001

Cut, copy, and paste using API functions

Copying and pasting text and images programmatically isn't difficult at all, using the methods of the Clipboard object. However, implementing a generic Edit menu that copies and pastes the highlighted contents of whatever control is the selected control is often cumberson. For example, depending on the type of the active control you might need to query the SelText property (TextBox and ComboBox controls), the SelRTF property (the RichTextBox control), or the Picture property (the PictureBox control), not to mention other ActiveX controls.

A better approach is to send the proper Windows message to whatever control is the ActiveControl. For example, sending the WM_CUT message cuts the current contents to the Clipboard, regardless of the type of the control. Here are a collection of routine that encapsulate the proper call to the SendMessage API function:


Private Const WM_CUT = &H300
Private Const WM_COPY = &H301
Private Const WM_PASTE = &H302
Private Const WM_CLEAR = &H303
Private Declare Function SendMessage Lib "user32" Alias "SendMessageA" (ByVal _
    hWnd As Long, ByVal wMsg As Long, ByVal wParam As Long, _
    lParam As Any) As Long

' Copy the contents of a control into the Clipboard
Sub ControlCopy(ByVal hWnd As Long)
    SendMessage hWnd, WM_COPY, 0, ByVal 0&
End Sub

' Cut the contents of a control into the Clipboard
Sub ControlCut(ByVal hWnd As Long)
    SendMessage hWnd, WM_CUT, 0, ByVal 0&
End Sub

' Paste the contents of the Clipboard into a control
Sub ControlPaste(ByVal hWnd As Long)
    SendMessage hWnd, WM_PASTE, 0, ByVal 0&
End Sub

' Delete the selected contents of a control
Sub ControlDelete(ByVal hWnd As Long)
    SendMessage hWnd, WM_CLEAR, 0, ByVal 0&
End Sub
Francesco Balena
 
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