- The form of internal documentation appropriate for an organization following agile practices.
- Generating external documentation as an artifact/user story.
The first meaning is typically a combination of code comments and auto-generated documentation. A very common assertion in Agile circles is that unit tests serve as live documentation. Python, for example has a module called doctest in which the documentation of a function may contain live code examples with outputs that can be executed as tests which verify the correctness.
Behavior Driven Development
BDD is putting a lot of emphasis on even specifying the requirements in an executable form via special DSLs (domain specific languages), so the requirements can serve as both tests and live human readable documentation. Auto-generated documentation for public APIs is very common. Public APIs are designed to be used by third party developers who are not familiar with the code (even if it’s open source). The documentation must be accurate and in sync with the code.
The second meaning can be considered as just another artifact. But, there are some differences. Typically, when generating external documentation for a system it is centralized. You have to consider the structure and organization and then address the content as a collection of user stories. Unlike code artifacts, external documentation doesn’t have automated tests. Documentation testing is an often neglected practice. Which is fairly typical because the documentation itself is often neglected. However, some types of external documentation are critical and must serve contractual or regulatory requirements. In these cases, you must verify that the documentation is correct.