Accelerator Board


An Accelerator Board, often referred to as an expansion card, is a hardware component that can be added to a computer to enhance its capabilities, such as increasing processing speed or data transfer rate. Typically, it’s designed to perform some specialized function more efficiently than the computer’s main system. Examples include graphics accelerator boards for better video rendering, or network cards for improved internet connectivity.


The phonetics of the keyword “Accelerator Board” is : /ækˈsɛləreɪtər bɔːrd/

Key Takeaways

An Accelerator Board is designed to enhance the performance of your computer system by adding new functionalities or doing specialized computations. It is highly beneficial for high-performance computing applications, Artificial Intelligence, and Machine Learning because it can execute operations must faster than a CPU alone.

Installation is typically very easy. The Accelerator Board can be installed directly into your computer’s motherboard, and most operating systems will automatically recognize and configure it.


An Accelerator Board is a crucial component in the sphere of computing technology, primarily because it amplifies the processing capability of the main computer system. These boards contain a dedicated processor or a group of processors that can swiftly carry out particular tasks, such as graphics processing or cloud computing.

This addition greatly enhances the overall operational speed and efficiency of the computer, enabling it to carry out complex calculations or run high-end applications more smoothly and quickly.

Therefore, the role of Accelerator Boards in enriching computer performance and providing accelerated processing power, particularly in demanding areas such as gaming, data science, and graphics-intensive tasks, makes it an essential technological term.


An accelerator board is a critical piece of hardware used to boost the performance and capabilities of a system. This is often implemented in computers and servers to increase the speed of computational and graphical functions, thus enhancing the overall performance. Technically, it’s an add-on card that supplements the processing power of the system, much like offloading the work from the main processor and handling it independently.

These boards have their own memory and processing units to execute a range of specific tasks at a much faster pace than would be possible with the primary CPU alone.Accelerator boards are widely used in fields that require high-speed processing, substantial data analysis, and extensive graphical rendering.

For example, in the world of data science and machine learning, accelerator boards are invaluable for tasks such as deep learning model training where large amounts of data need to be processed quickly. Similarly, in the field of graphics and video editing, they help to render high-quality graphics and 3D animations seamlessly, by providing unparalleled speed and efficiency. By using accelerator boards, developers and professionals increase operational speed, reduce computational burden, and significantly improve system performance.


1. Graphics Accelerator Board: A type of expansion board used in computers to enhance the quality of graphics displayed. An example of this is NVIDIA’s GeForce graphics cards. They speed up the creation and rendering of images and videos on the screen by taking over these tasks from the main processor.

2. FPGA Accelerator Board: Field-programmable gate array boards are used to accelerate computational tasks in servers and data centers. For example, Xilinx’s Alveo Data Center accelerator cards are designed to meet the constantly changing needs of the modern data center, providing reduced latency and greater throughput.

3. AI Accelerator Board: These are hardware accelerators for artificial intelligence and machine learning calculations. For instance, Google’s Tensor Processing Unit (TPU) Accelerator Board is specifically developed for accelerating machine learning workloads. It is used for both training and inference processes, thus speeding up the overall machine learning operations.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

Q1: What is an Accelerator Board?

A1: An Accelerator Board is a type of hardware installed inside a computer to increase its processing speed and power. This can refer to various types of processing tasks including graphics processing, mathematical calculations, and artificial intelligence tasks.

Q2: What is the main purpose of an Accelerator Board?

A2: The main purpose of an Accelerator Board is to enhance the performance of specific computing functions. This comes in handy particularly for tasks that require heavy processing power such as 3D modeling, video editing, gaming, or running complex scientific simulations.

Q3: Can an Accelerator Board be used in any computer?

A3: Not every computer can use an Accelerator Board. The computer must have the appropriate slot for the board to be installed, typically a PCIe slot. Also, the computer’s power supply must be able to handle the increased power demand.

Q4: Is an Accelerator Board the same as a Graphics Processing Unit (GPU)?

A4: While a GPU can be a type of Accelerator Board, not all Accelerator Boards are GPUs. Accelerator Boards can be designed to enhance different types of computing tasks, not just graphics processing.

Q5: What are the other types of Accelerator Boards?

A5: Besides GPUs, other types of Accelerator Boards include Digital Signal Processors (DSPs), Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs), and Application-Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs).

Q6: Does installing an Accelerator Board require special skills?

A6: Installing an Accelerator Board does require some technical knowledge as you’ll be opening up your computer and properly installing the board into the correct slot. If you are not comfortable with this, it is recommended to seek help from a professional.

Q7: Can an Accelerator Board help improve my gaming experience?

A7: Yes, an Accelerator Board, specifically a Graphics Accelerator, can significantly improve your gaming experience. It enhances the video and graphics performance of your games, making them operate more smoothly and look better.

Q8: Could using an Accelerator Board significantly increase the power consumption of my computer?

A8: While an Accelerator Board does consume more power due to its advanced computing capabilities, the increased power consumption is typically proportional to its performance boost. However, it’s essential to ensure your power supply unit can handle the additional load.

Q9: Do I need any specific software to make the Accelerator Board work?

A9: Yes, usually you need to install specific drivers or software that can properly interact with the Accelerator Board. This software is often provided by the manufacturer of the board.

Q10: Can I install multiple Accelerator Boards on my computer?

A10: This would depend on the availability of compatible slots on your motherboard and the capability of your power supply to handle the increased power demand. Some high-performance workstations and servers may support multiple Accelerator Boards, but it is less common in consumer-grade computers.

Related Technology Terms

  • Graphics Processing Unit (GPU)
  • Field-Programmable Gate Array (FPGA)
  • Computational Processing
  • Hardware Acceleration
  • Parallel Computing

Sources for More Information


About The Authors

The DevX Technology Glossary is reviewed by technology experts and writers from our community. Terms and definitions continue to go under updates to stay relevant and up-to-date. These experts help us maintain the almost 10,000+ technology terms on DevX. Our reviewers have a strong technical background in software development, engineering, and startup businesses. They are experts with real-world experience working in the tech industry and academia.

See our full expert review panel.

These experts include:


About Our Editorial Process

At DevX, we’re dedicated to tech entrepreneurship. Our team closely follows industry shifts, new products, AI breakthroughs, technology trends, and funding announcements. Articles undergo thorough editing to ensure accuracy and clarity, reflecting DevX’s style and supporting entrepreneurs in the tech sphere.

See our full editorial policy.

More Technology Terms

Technology Glossary

Table of Contents