Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector

Definition of Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector

Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) is a routing protocol specifically designed for wireless, mobile, ad hoc networks. It operates on-demand, establishing routes only when nodes need to communicate, which helps conserve resources and reduce network overhead. AODV employs distance-vector algorithms to determine the shortest path to the destination node, updating route information dynamically as the network topology changes.


The phonetics for the keyword “Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector” using the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) are:æd hɒk ɒn dɪ’mænd dɪs’təns vɛk’tər

Key Takeaways

  1. Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) is a routing protocol designed specifically for ad hoc mobile networks, where nodes frequently join or leave the network and routes change dynamically.
  2. In AODV, routes are discovered and maintained on-demand, meaning that a route is only established when there is a need for communication between nodes. This helps to reduce overhead and save resources in the network.
  3. AODV employs sequence numbers for ensuring loop-free and up-to-date routes. When a node discovers multiple routes to a destination, it selects the route with the highest sequence number and the shortest path.

Importance of Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector

The Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) is an important technology term because it refers to a critical routing protocol designed specifically for mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) and wireless mesh networks.

This protocol enables dynamic, self-starting, and multi-hop routing that allows mobile nodes to communicate with each other without relying on fixed infrastructure or predetermined routes.

By efficiently discovering and maintaining routes only when needed, AODV significantly reduces the overhead and latency commonly experienced in traditional routing protocols.

Its reactive approach to routing, rapid adaptation to network topology changes, and loop-free routing characteristics make AODV a popular choice when robust, scalable, and energy-efficient routing solutions are required for wireless communication in highly mobile and dynamic environments.


Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) serves as a crucial mechanism primarily employed in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) and other wireless networking environments. Its primary purpose lies in facilitating seamless communication amongst mobile nodes without the need for a centralized network infrastructure. As an efficient routing protocol, AODV is designed to enable ad hoc networks to dynamically adapt to changing environments, catering to the needs of nodes that are continuously joining or leaving the network.

Operating responsively to fulfil current data communication demands, it swiftly establishes routes and consumes minimal network bandwidth, making it an effective solution for highly mobile applications. Beyond its on-demand approach, AODV boasts its ability to maintain and discover routes with ease. Utilizing a Distance Vector Routing Algorithm, it actively determines the shortest path from a source node to a destination node, considering the number of intermediate nodes as a crucial factor.

This method ensures that data is transmitted effectively and with minimal latency. Notably, AODV incorporates additional features such as route maintenance and error reporting, enabling networks to repair broken links or bypass nodes that have unexpectedly become unreachable. Consequently, AODV plays an instrumental role in promoting reliable and efficient communication within contemporary wireless networks.

Examples of Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector

Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) is a routing protocol used for mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) and wireless mesh networks. It allows nodes within a network to find paths to other nodes, without needing a pre-established routing infrastructure. Here are three real-world examples of AODV technology in use:

Military communications: In battlefields, establishing a fixed communication infrastructure can be difficult and time-consuming. AODV-enabled devices can create an adaptive and self-configuring network for military personnel, enabling seamless communication and coordination. This provides a reliable means of communication in an ever-changing environment.

Disaster relief operations: In the aftermath of natural disasters like earthquakes, hurricanes, or floods, the existing communication infrastructure can become damaged or non-existent. AODV networks can be deployed rapidly by first responders to establish communication among rescue teams, coordinate operations, and exchange essential information.

Vehicle-to-vehicle communication: AODV can be implemented in vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) to enable vehicle-to-vehicle communication. This technology has the potential to improve traffic efficiency and safety, allowing vehicles to share information about road conditions, accidents, and traffic updates. VANETs can help optimize traffic control, reduce fuel consumption and emissions, and increase overall road safety.

Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) FAQ

1. What is Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV)?

AODV is a routing protocol for wireless networks, especially mobile ad-hoc networks (MANETs). It establishes routes between nodes only when needed, resulting in reduced overhead and improved scalability compared to proactive routing protocols.

2. How does AODV work?

AODV works by discovering routes on-demand, which means it only initiates route requests when a sender node wants to communicate with a destination node. Nodes listen for request and reply packets and maintain routing information for active routes, discarding outdated information to reduce the overhead.

3. What are the advantages of AODV?

Some advantages of AODV include reduced overhead, improved scalability, quick adaptation to dynamic network conditions, support for unicast and multicast communication, and efficient route maintenance.

4. What are the disadvantages of AODV?

Disadvantages of AODV include high latency in discovering new routes, potential excessive flooding of route request packets, and potential vulnerability to some security attacks due to the lack of a secure design.

5. How does AODV compare to other routing protocols?

AODV is most commonly compared to other reactive routing protocols like Dynamic Source Routing (DSR). AODV has some advantages like lower overhead and better scalability compared to DSR, but it may have higher latency in discovering routes. Both AODV and DSR are more scalable compared to proactive routing protocols like Optimized Link State Routing (OLSR).

Related Technology Terms


  • Routing Protocol
  • Dynamic Routing
  • Wireless Ad Hoc Network
  • Route Discovery
  • Route Maintenance


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