Android Operating System


The Android Operating System is a mobile operating system developed by Google, designed primarily for touchscreen devices like smartphones and tablets. It is based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open-source software. The platform offers flexibility and customization capabilities, features a robust app ecosystem, and supports various technologies like Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, LTE, and more.


The phonetics for “Android Operating System” would be:ænˈdrɔɪd ˈɑːpəˌreɪtɪŋ ˈsɪstəm

Key Takeaways

  1. Open Source: Android is an open-source operating system, meaning it is freely available for developers to modify and use according to their needs. This also allows developers to keep the system up-to-date and fix any potential risks or bugs.
  2. Vast App Ecosystem: Android Operating System boasts a rich ecosystem of applications, allowing users access to millions of mobile applications through the Google Play Store. It also provides developers a platform to distribute their applications to a large user base.
  3. Customizability: Android offers high customization features compared to its competitors. From user interface to the functionality of the device, users can tailor their smartphones and tablets to their specific needs.


The Android Operating System is a critical development in technology due to its massive influence in the mobile industry, shaping the way we communicate, conduct business, and access information. As the world’s most popular mobile operating system, Android hosts an extensive range of applications, servicing millions of users with diverse needs. Its open-source nature, supported by Google, enables developers to create innovative and customized experiences for users. It opens up opportunities for the development of AI technology, such as virtual assistants, and becomes a ground for technological advancements like augmented reality. Furthermore, it’s cooperative with varying device manufacturers, contributing to the affordability and accessibility of smartphones. Thus, the Android Operating System is indispensable in our progressively digital era.


The Android Operating System (OS) is primarily devised to facilitate a broad spectrum of operations on devices such as smartphones, tablets, TVs, and even cars. The main objective of the Android OS is to create an open software platform for developers, which is flexible and easy to use, enabling them to create innovative and attractive apps for whatever device that runs on the Android platform. These apps substantially extend the functionality of these devices, thereby enhancing the usefulness and practicality of the device for the user. Android’s emphasis on openness and its compatibility with a multitude of hardware makes it a universal platform for digital devices.Another remarkable aspect of the Android OS is its integration with Google services. Google uses Android as a vehicle for data collection, which aids in improving and personalizing its range of web services. For instance, Android allows seamless syncing with services like Google Drive, Gmail, Google Maps, Google Photos, and Google Calendar, thereby offering users convenience and improving service efficiency. Fundamentally, Android exists to power and equip devices with the necessary software, fully complementing the user’s needs and preferences while leveraging a rich array of apps and Google services.


1. Samsung Galaxy Smartphones: Samsung Galaxy series, like the Samsung Galaxy S21, use Android Operating System. This enables users to download and use apps from the Google Play store, customize their phone’s appearance and settings, use Google’s suite of apps and services, and much more.2. Google Pixel Tablets: Google’s own line of Pixel tablets run on the Android Operating System. This provides an optimized environment for users to browse the web, use productivity and entertainment apps, and take advantage of features like split-screen multi-tasking.3. Android Auto in Cars: Many modern cars, like certain models from Honda and Chevrolet, have infotainment systems that run on or are compatible with Android Auto – a version of the Android Operating System specifically designed for use in vehicles. This allows drivers to use navigation, music, and other apps from their Android phone on the car’s built-in display.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

Q: What is Android Operating System?A: Android is a mobile operating system based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open-source software, designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets, developed by Google.Q: Who developed the Android Operating System?A: The Android Operating System was developed by Google.Q: Which devices use Android Operating System?A: Android Operating System is used in various devices, including smartphones, tablets, televisions, cars, and wristwatches.Q: What are the key features of Android Operating System?A: Key features of Android include easy user interface, availability of millions of apps in the play store, Google services integration, multiple language support, and customization possibilities.Q: Is Android free to use?A: Yes, Android is an open-source platform, meaning it is free to use and modify. However, manufacturers usually add their own features and apps which may not be free.Q: What are the advantages of Android over other systems?A: Android provides a wide range of customization options, access to millions of applications, and seamless integration with Google’s services like Gmail, Google Drive, and Google Maps. Q: How often does Google update the Android Operating System?A: Google typically releases a major update for Android once a year, with monthly security updates.Q: How can I update my Android Operating System?A: To update your Android Operating System, go to your device’s settings, then scroll down to ‘About Phone’, select ‘System Update’ or ‘Software Update’. If an update is available, you can download and install it from there.Q: Is Android vulnerable to viruses?A: While Android is designed to be secure, it can still be vulnerable to viruses and malware, especially through the downloading of apps from unverified sources. It’s recommended to download apps only from trusted sources like Google Play Store and to regularly update your device software.Q: Can I run Android on a computer?A: Yes, there are emulators available that allow you to run Android applications on a PC or Mac. These include BlueStacks and Nox, amongst others.

Related Technology Terms

  • Android SDK (Software Development Kit)
  • Google Play Store
  • APK (Android Package Kit)
  • Android Open Source Project (AOSP)
  • Android Runtime (ART)

Sources for More Information


About The Authors

The DevX Technology Glossary is reviewed by technology experts and writers from our community. Terms and definitions continue to go under updates to stay relevant and up-to-date. These experts help us maintain the almost 10,000+ technology terms on DevX. Our reviewers have a strong technical background in software development, engineering, and startup businesses. They are experts with real-world experience working in the tech industry and academia.

See our full expert review panel.

These experts include:


About Our Editorial Process

At DevX, we’re dedicated to tech entrepreneurship. Our team closely follows industry shifts, new products, AI breakthroughs, technology trends, and funding announcements. Articles undergo thorough editing to ensure accuracy and clarity, reflecting DevX’s style and supporting entrepreneurs in the tech sphere.

See our full editorial policy.

More Technology Terms

Technology Glossary

Table of Contents