Definition of Backbone

In technology, a backbone refers to the principal data transmission infrastructure that forms the core network within a computer system or telecommunications setup. This central structure is responsible for connecting various networks, servers, or systems to facilitate efficient data transfer and communication. High-speed cables or networks, such as fiber-optic and broadband connections, typically comprise the backbone for improved performance and reliability.


The phonetic pronunciation of the word “Backbone” isː /ˈbækboʊn/

Key Takeaways

  1. Backbone.js provides a lightweight structure for web applications by offering models with key-value binding, collections, and events.
  2. Backbone enables easier communication with external APIs and server applications, and its components, like models, views, and collections help to structure the code efficiently.
  3. It promotes cleaner and maintainable code organization by implementing the Model-View pattern, and helps to build scalable single-page web applications easily.

Importance of Backbone

The term “backbone” is important in the technology field as it refers to the primary network infrastructure that forms the core of a system, connecting various nodes and devices at high speed and efficiency.

Essentially, it is the main foundation of any communication network, such as the internet, facilitating data transmission between computers, servers, and other devices.

A backbone ensures the reliable and smooth flow of data, providing the necessary bandwidth, and supporting large-scale information exchange.

It is crucial for maintaining the overall performance and stability of a network, ensuring optimal connections, and enabling the growth of a digital and connected world.


In the realm of technology, the term “Backbone” refers to the primary high-speed network infrastructure that facilitates the efficient transmission of data and information across wide-ranging geographic locations. This crucial element of connectivity, which can span across cities, regions, or even globally, is essential for ensuring smooth data exchange while interconnecting smaller networks and maintaining a reliable, stable communication system.

Often deployed by large telecommunication companies and Internet Service Providers (ISPs), backbones boast multiple redundancies and high-capacity transmission capabilities to manage heavy traffic loads and to minimize chances of network congestion or outages. The primary purpose of a backbone lies in consolidating the data transmitted from numerous smaller networks into a more unified and robust system, enabling seamless communication between disparate locations and user bases.

By serving as the centralized, high-capacity platform, it simplifies traffic routing, supports rapid and large-scale data transfers, and even bolsters the resilience of the overarching network infrastructure. As a result, a well-structured and well-managed backbone serves as the linchpin for our highly interconnected world, ushering in diverse applications across various domains, including business-critical operations, e-commerce, streaming services, social networking, and the ever-expanding Internet of Things (IoT). Ultimately, the backbone is the technological foundation that supports and accelerates our information-driven society.

Examples of Backbone

Backbone.js is a lightweight JavaScript library that provides a structural framework for developing web applications. It is based on the model-view-controller (MVC) architecture, which helps manage the separation of concerns in application development.Here are three real-world examples of websites and applications that have utilized Backbone.js as part of their tech stack:

Trello: Trello is a popular project management and collaboration tool that helps users manage tasks and projects with an intuitive, card-based interface. The Trello team used Backbone.js to handle the application’s client-side logic, which allowed them to create a responsive and efficient single-page app.

Airbnb: Airbnb, the online platform that connects people looking for vacation rentals and unique accommodations with hosts offering such spaces, used Backbone.js in developing its user interface. Implementing Backbone.js helped Airbnb build a modular and maintainable application, ensuring a seamless user experience when browsing listings, booking rooms, and communicating with hosts.

SoundCloud: SoundCloud, the popular audio sharing and streaming platform, adopted Backbone.js in its application development to streamline the user interface and provide a dynamic audio player. The use of Backbone.js enabled SoundCloud to manage various views, such as playlists, search results, and user profiles, while ensuring a smooth and interactive user experience.

Backbone FAQ

What is Backbone.js?

Backbone.js is a lightweight JavaScript library that provides a structure to your web applications by implementing a Model-View-Controller (MVC) pattern. It simplifies the development of complex web applications, making it easier to organize and maintain the code.

What are the key components of Backbone.js?

Backbone.js consists of five key components: Model, Collection, View, Router, and Events. These components work together to help you build and manage the structure of your web applications.

What are the benefits of using Backbone.js?

Using Backbone.js offers several benefits, such as:

  • Improved code organization and structure
  • Fewer dependencies and lightweight footprint
  • Easy synchronization with your server-side data
  • Support for RESTful APIs
  • Increased reusability and modularity of your code
  • Efficient and structured event handling

What is the purpose of the Backbone.js Model?

The Model is responsible for managing the application’s data, logic, and business rules. Models can be created by extending the Backbone.Model class. The Model provides methods to perform various tasks, such as interacting with server-side data, handling validation, and managing changes in the data.

How do you create a new view in Backbone.js?

To create a new view in Backbone.js, you can extend the Backbone.View class. Once you’ve done this, you can define your custom methods, attributes, and event handlers for the view. In addition, you can connect the view to a specific DOM element or create a new element for it.

How do Backbone.js Collections work?

Collections in Backbone.js are ordered sets of models. They are useful for storing, managing, and retrieving multiple models. By extending the Backbone.Collection class, you can define your custom collection methods and behaviors. Collections can also listen for and respond to events triggered by the models within them.

Can I integrate Backbone.js with other JavaScript libraries and frameworks?

Yes, you can integrate Backbone.js with other JavaScript libraries and frameworks, such as jQuery, Underscore.js, and React.js. Backbone.js is designed to work well with other tools, allowing you to include it in existing projects or build more complex applications using multiple libraries and frameworks.

Related Technology Terms


  • Network Infrastructure
  • High-speed Data Transmission
  • Internet Service Provider (ISP)
  • Fiber Optic Cables
  • Primary Data Routes


Sources for More Information


About The Authors

The DevX Technology Glossary is reviewed by technology experts and writers from our community. Terms and definitions continue to go under updates to stay relevant and up-to-date. These experts help us maintain the almost 10,000+ technology terms on DevX. Our reviewers have a strong technical background in software development, engineering, and startup businesses. They are experts with real-world experience working in the tech industry and academia.

See our full expert review panel.

These experts include:


About Our Editorial Process

At DevX, we’re dedicated to tech entrepreneurship. Our team closely follows industry shifts, new products, AI breakthroughs, technology trends, and funding announcements. Articles undergo thorough editing to ensure accuracy and clarity, reflecting DevX’s style and supporting entrepreneurs in the tech sphere.

See our full editorial policy.

More Technology Terms

Technology Glossary

Table of Contents