Federal Protective Service


The Federal Protective Service (FPS) is a United States government law enforcement agency under the Department of Homeland Security. Its primary function is to provide security and law enforcement services for federally owned and leased buildings, facilities, properties, and other federal assets. The FPS is responsible for safeguarding these sites, maintaining a safe environment, and protecting federal employees, contractors, and visitors.


The phonetic pronunciation of “Federal Protective Service” is:/ˈfedərəl prəˈtɛktɪv ˈsərvɪs/

Key Takeaways

  1. The Federal Protective Service (FPS) is a law enforcement agency responsible for providing security and protection to federally-owned and leased buildings, facilities, and properties.
  2. FPS is a division of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), tasked with safeguarding federal employees, visitors, and infrastructure from potential threats, including criminal, terrorist, and natural disasters.
  3. Some key functions of the Federal Protective Service include conducting security assessments, providing uniformed police officers and K9 teams, overseeing contract security guards, and responding to emergencies or incidents at federal facilities.


The Federal Protective Service (FPS) is a crucial component of the technology sector as it plays a significant role in safeguarding the nation’s critical infrastructure, government facilities, personnel, and the general public.

As an agency within the Department of Homeland Security, the FPS provides integrated security and law enforcement services, leveraging cutting-edge technology and information systems to monitor, detect, and deter potential hazards or security risks.

Essentially, the FPS is vital in maintaining a stable and secure environment, promoting public confidence in the government’s ability to protect its citizens and resources.

This, in turn, facilitates the seamless functioning of technological innovation and development across various sectors.


The Federal Protective Service (FPS) is a crucial component of national security, ensuring the safety and well-being of people and assets in federally owned and leased facilities. This crucial agency falls under the purview of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and its primary purpose is to provide protection to individuals working in and visiting these facilities, as well as safeguarding government property. FPS serves this role by leveraging a combination of law enforcement operations, security measures, intelligence gathering, and risk assessments, all working in tandem to deter and respond to threats efficiently.

It is their commitment to maintain a secure work environment for federal employees and others involved in the functioning of the government, from offices to courthouses. Through a well-trained and dedicated workforce that includes FPS law enforcement officers, protective security officers, and security specialists, the agency conducts extensive security assessments and implementations on behalf of various federal agencies. They also collaborate with federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies to ensure a comprehensive approach to security and protection.

Additionally, FPS possesses the authority to respond to and mitigate potential incidents that could jeopardize the safety and security of the federal facilities under their jurisdiction. This may include acts of terrorism, criminal activities, and natural disasters. Ultimately, the Federal Protective Service serves as a vital component in maintaining stability and preserving the safety of governmental entities and the people they serve.

Examples of Federal Protective Service

Security for Federal Buildings: The Federal Protective Service (FPS) plays a critical role in securing federal buildings across the United States, ensuring the safety of both employees and visitors. In July 2019, FPS stopped an armed gunman from entering the federal courthouse in Detroit, ensuring that no one inside the building was harmed and later apprehending the assailant.

Interagency Response to National Emergencies: FPS works closely with other federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies in times of national crisis. For example, they played a major role during the response to the 9/11 terrorist attacks, helping to secure federal facilities and assisting in search and rescue operations. Recently, FPS was deployed to protect federal buildings in Portland, Oregon, and other cities during civil unrest to prevent further damage and to maintain safety at these locations.

Special Events and High-Level Visits: FPS is responsible for providing support and protection during special events and high-level visits involving government officials. For instance, in March 2016, FPS partnered with other law enforcement agencies during the Nuclear Security Summit held in Washington, D.C. They were responsible for the safety of more than 50 world leaders and thousands of attendees during this high-profile event. FPS’s expertise in coordinating security efforts and working with various agencies ensures the smooth operation of such important gatherings.

Federal Protective Service FAQ

What is the Federal Protective Service?

The Federal Protective Service (FPS) is a federal law enforcement agency that provides security and protection services for federally owned and leased properties, including federal buildings, infrastructure, and personnel. Its goal is to ensure a safe and secure environment for federal employees, visitors, and the general public at these locations.

Who oversees the Federal Protective Service?

The Federal Protective Service falls under the jurisdiction of the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS). FPS is specifically managed by DHS’s Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA).

What are the responsibilities of the Federal Protective Service?

FPS is responsible for various tasks related to federal facility security, including conducting risk assessments, implementing security countermeasures, providing law enforcement and investigative services, and carrying out emergency response activities. FPS also collaborates with other law enforcement agencies to ensure the safety of federal facilities and infrastructure.

What types of facilities does FPS protect?

FPS is responsible for protecting more than 9,000 federal properties across the United States, including office buildings, courthouses, laboratories, and other critical facilities used by federal agencies. These facilities house more than one million federal employees and visitors every day.

How is the Federal Protective Service staffed?

The Federal Protective Service employs both federal law enforcement officers, called FPS Inspectors, and contract Protective Security Officers (PSOs). These officers are responsible for providing security and law enforcement services at federal facilities. FPS also has a specialized Law Enforcement Support Center (LESC) that provides assistance to local, state, tribal, and federal law enforcement partners across the country.

Related Technology Terms

  • Physical security operations
  • Emergency response coordination
  • Infrastructure protection
  • Threat assessment
  • Risk management

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