General Algebraic Modeling System


The General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS) is a high-level modeling software designed for mathematical optimization. It provides a user-friendly platform for formulating and solving complex optimization problems, including linear, nonlinear, and mixed-integer programming. GAMS is predominantly used in various industries and academia for decision support, policy implementation, and research purposes.


The phonetics of the keyword “General Algebraic Modeling System” are:/ʤɛnərəl ælbəbraɪk ˈmɑdəlɪŋ ˈsistəm/

Key Takeaways

  1. General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS) is a high-level, user-friendly modeling software for mathematical optimization, designed for modeling and solving linear, nonlinear, and mixed-integer optimization problems.
  2. GAMS allows users to create easily-readable models using its algebraic notation, simplifying the process of defining complex optimization problems and enabling seamless integration with various solvers and data processing tools.
  3. One of the key benefits of GAMS is its broad range of supported platforms and solver options, making it a versatile choice for individuals, researchers, and enterprises alike seeking efficient solutions for their optimization needs.


The General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS) is an important technology term because it represents a high-level modeling system that simplifies the process of creating and managing complex optimization models.

By offering an efficient and user-friendly environment, GAMS enables researchers, analysts, and decision-makers to focus on formulating problems, rather than coding algorithms, making it an indispensable tool in various industries, such as energy, finance, and transportation.

GAMS provides support for a wide range of solvers, which allows for the application of different optimization techniques, including linear, nonlinear, mixed-integer, and more.

Furthermore, its scalability, flexibility, and extensive documentation and community support, have significantly contributed to the widespread use of GAMS in solving real-world mathematical programming problems effectively and efficiently.


The General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS) was designed to address complex mathematical problems and optimize solutions for real-world applications. The primary purpose of this advanced tool is to assist decision-makers, researchers, and analysts in various fields such as economics, engineering, environment, and management in formulating and solving mathematical optimization models.

By offering significant advantages such as flexibility, modularity, and robustness, GAMS is widely used in designing optimal strategies, making informed decisions, and navigating through vast data sets to derive valuable insights. GAMS is specifically built to work in conjunction with various solvers, making it highly versatile and adaptable to various problem types.

This feature enables users to seamlessly tackle different optimization problems spanning linear, nonlinear, mixed-integer, and quadratic domains. Moreover, GAMS’s user-friendly model formulation together with its extensive support for model diagnostics and solution analysis makes it a preferred choice among decision-makers.

In summary, GAMS offers users the opportunity to solve complicated optimization problems with ease, making it an indispensable tool for those tackling diverse problems in a broad range of industries.

Examples of General Algebraic Modeling System

The General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS) is an advanced programming language and platform, particularly used for mathematical modeling of complex systems. It offers flexibility and robustness, allowing professionals to find solutions to a variety of real-world problems. Here are three examples of GAMS being used in the real world:

Optimization of Energy Systems: GAMS has become a popular tool for researchers to model and optimize energy systems for power generation, transmission, and distribution. In one example, GAMS was used to create an integrated model of the OrcaFlex offshore wind farm in Scotland to find the most cost-effective cable configuration and layout. By using GAMS for this project, researchers were able to determine the best possible design to reduce overall costs while maintaining system efficiency and reliability.

Agricultural Planning and Management: GAMS has been used to optimize irrigation systems, crop management, and agricultural production planning. For instance, researchers from the University of California, Davis, developed a GAMS model to optimize water distribution scenarios for agricultural sites in the Central Valley of California. This model helped policymakers and stakeholders to find the most efficient water management strategies that both conserve water and maximize agricultural production.

Supply Chain Management and Logistics: GAMS is commonly used in supply chain management and logistics to model and optimize complex distribution networks, vendor relationships, and inventory management. One such example is the study carried out by researchers at the Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden, who utilized GAMS to evaluate strategic investments in the European wood fuel supply chain. By using GAMS, they were able to optimize the supply chain network and develop recommendations for investments to reduce transportation costs and carbon emissions.

Frequently Asked Questions: General Algebraic Modeling System

What is General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS)?

The General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS) is a high-level programming language for mathematical modeling and optimization. It provides a flexible and convenient way to model and solve linear, nonlinear, and mixed-integer optimization problems.

What types of problems can be solved with GAMS?

GAMS can handle a wide range of optimization problems, including linear programming (LP), non-linear programming (NLP), mixed integer programming (MIP), and mixed-integer nonlinear programming (MINLP). It is particularly useful for large-scale problems and for dealing with complex model structures.

How do I get started with GAMS?

To get started with GAMS, you can download the software from the official GAMS website, install it on your computer, and start exploring the available documentation and sample models. There are also online tutorials and forums where you can find helpful information and assistance.

What platforms does GAMS support?

GAMS is compatible with various platforms, including Windows, macOS, and Linux. The software provides different installation options depending on your system requirements and preferences.

Is there a user community for GAMS?

Yes, there is an active user community for GAMS. You can find forums, discussion groups, and documentation online, which can be valuable resources for learning and troubleshooting. The GAMS website also provides access to a user support system where you can ask questions and receive assistance.

Can I integrate GAMS with other programming languages?

Yes, GAMS can be integrated with other programming languages, such as Python, C++, Java, and R. This can be done using the GAMS API, which allows you to call GAMS models from your preferred programming language and process the results accordingly.

Related Technology Terms

  • Optimization modeling language
  • Constraint satisfaction problems
  • Linear programming
  • Nonlinear programming
  • Mixed-integer programming

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