devxlogo

Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE) Components

Definition

Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE) Components refer to the collection of Java APIs and services designed for enterprise-scale applications. These components provide functionality for developing, deploying, and managing multi-tier, server-centric applications. Key components include technologies like Servlets, JavaServer Pages (JSP), Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB), and JDBC for database interaction.

Phonetic

“Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE) Components” in phonetics would be pronounced as: “jah-vah too plat-form, en-ter-prize eh-di-shuhn (jay-too-ee-ee) com-po-nents”

Key Takeaways

J2EE Components

  1. Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) Component: EJB component is a server-side component that encapsulates the logic of the application. It is designed to enable the development of scalable, transactional, multi-user secure enterprise-level applications.
  2. Web Component: This involves Servlets and JavaServer Pages (JSP). These components take care of handling requests and responses from the web tier. They can be looked at as J2EE components that interact directly with the client request.
  3. Application Client Component: This is client side component which is used to perform tasks like querying databases, retrieving results and then sending them to the server side component for processing. This component is typically a Java application that runs on a client machine and accesses server resources.

Importance

Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE) Components are crucial as they form the foundation of enterprise-level development within the Java programming environment. They provide a comprehensive set of services, APIs and protocols for building and running distributed multi-tiered software applications. J2EE components, which include EJB components, JSPs, servlets, and more, are designed to ensure reliable, secure, and scalable solutions that accommodate large-scale IT infrastructures. They enable developers to focus more on the business logic, as most of the system-level programming is handled by the J2EE runtime system. This makes developing complex, large-scale systems much more efficient and manageable.

Explanation

Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE) Components serve as building blocks in constructing enterprise applications. They are programmed server-side and are used by software developers to create applications that are crucial for online and ecommerce business models. These applications often feature intricate operations, such as executing complex transactions across different networks and databases, or serving web-based applications to many users concurrently. J2EE’s standard components and services are designed to ensure these types of applications are fast, secure, and dependable.The purpose of J2EE components is to simplify the development and deployment of enterprise applications. These components are divided into two types – business and client. Business components, such as Enterprise JavaBeans (EJBs), are used to manage operations like data handling, security, and network communication. Client components, such as applets and servlets, handle user interaction and provide UI for the application. By providing a modular and component-based approach, J2EE allows developers to focus on the business logic inherent to their application, without worrying about infrastructural tasks.

Examples

1. Online Banking Systems: Many banks worldwide, such as Bank of America, use J2EE for their online banking systems. This allows customers to securely perform transactions, check balances, apply for loans, and other operations. The use of J2EE ensures secure, reliable, and scalable operations.2. E-Commerce Websites: E-commerce websites like Amazon, Alibaba use J2EE to handle complex transactions, product listing, customer profiles, and shopping cart functionalities. The ability of J2EE to handle high traffic, provide real-time updates, and track data makes it highly preferable for such platforms.3. Healthcare Systems: Healthcare platforms such as Electronic Health Records (EHRs) and Hospital Management Systems also use J2EE. These systems handle sensitive data, complex operations, and need high availability, making J2EE an ideal choice. Examples include systems that manage patient information, schedule appointments, and record medical histories.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

**Q1: What is Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE) Components?**A1: J2EE Components are self-contained functional software units. They are mainly used for developing enterprise-based applications. They include Java Server Pages (JSP), servlets, enterprise JavaBeans (EJBs), applets, and servlets. **Q2: What are the different types of J2EE components?**A2: The J2EE components are divided into two types, namely: client-side and server-side. The client-side components include applets, while server-side components are Java Server Pages (JSP), servlets, and enterprise JavaBeans (EJBs).**Q3: What is the purpose of J2EE components?**A3: J2EE components can be used to build large-scale, distributed, component-based, multi-tier applications on top of existing network infrastructure. They help in developing scalable, secure and platform-independent applications.**Q4: How can I develop J2EE components?**A4: J2EE components are developed using Java 2 Platform, IDEs (Integrated Development Environments) such as Eclipse, NetBeans, Intellij IDEA among others, and are deployed on J2EE Containers.**Q5: What is the role of JavaBeans in J2EE components?**A5: JavaBeans is a component technology that lets you create reusable software components that can be visually manipulated in builder tools.**Q6: What is a J2EE Container?**A6: A J2EE Container is a part of a Web server or application server that provides the deployment environment for J2EE component types such as Web components, EJB components, and application client components.**Q7: Can you describe the architecture of J2EE components?**A7: The architecture of the J2EE components involves multiple tiers – client tier, web tier, business tier and enterprise information system (EIS) tier. Each tier contains different J2EE components fulfilling specific roles within the application architecture.**Q8: Is J2EE the same as Java EE?**A8: J2EE was the earlier name for Java EE (Enterprise Edition). It was rebranded from J2EE to Java EE in the 5th version of the platform.**Q9: What is multi-tier architecture in the context of J2EE components?**A9: The multi-tier architecture is a client-server architecture where the functionality of the application is separated into isolated functional areas, called tiers. For instance, in a J2EE application, the client tier can consist of web browsers, the web tier can consist of servlets and JSP pages, the business tier can consist of EJB components, and EIS tier with a database.**Q10: What are some advantages of using J2EE components?**A10: Some of the advantages include the ability to create large-scale, distributed systems, development of secure, robust and scalable applications, support for multiple platforms, and reusable components for increased productivity.

Related Tech Terms

  • Servlets
  • Java Server Pages (JSP)
  • Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB)
  • Java Database Connectivity (JDBC)
  • Java Message Service (JMS)

Sources for More Information

devxblackblue

About The Authors

The DevX Technology Glossary is reviewed by technology experts and writers from our community. Terms and definitions continue to go under updates to stay relevant and up-to-date. These experts help us maintain the almost 10,000+ technology terms on DevX. Our reviewers have a strong technical background in software development, engineering, and startup businesses. They are experts with real-world experience working in the tech industry and academia.

See our full expert review panel.

devxblackblue

About Our Editorial Process

At DevX, we’re dedicated to tech entrepreneurship. Our team closely follows industry shifts, new products, AI breakthroughs, technology trends, and funding announcements. Articles undergo thorough editing to ensure accuracy and clarity, reflecting DevX’s style and supporting entrepreneurs in the tech sphere.

See our full editorial policy.

Technology Glossary

Table of Contents

More Terms