Load File


A load file is a type of data file used in electronic discovery (eDiscovery) and litigation support to import data into a review platform. It contains additional information regarding individual documents, such as metadata, OCR text, and document family information. The purpose of a load file is to organize and structure data for optimal review and analysis.


The phonetic pronunciation of “Load File” is “loh-d fahyl”.

Key Takeaways

<ol><li>Load File is a file used to transfer data between different systems or software. It can be in various formats such as .TXT, .CSV, .DAT, etc. The selection of its format can be important depending on the target system or software’s compatibility.</li><li>Load File often contains metadata linked with a specific document or data entity, this includes information such as author, creation date, modification date, and so on. This helps in better data management and effective analysis.</li><li>Lastly, Load File is crucial in E-Discovery in legal proceedings as it aids in transferring potentially pertinent data while preserving its metadata and ensuring it is properly indexed for easy retrieval and review.</li> </ol>


The term ‘Load File’ is fundamentally important in technology due to its vital role in file organization, storage, and usage. A load file is used in computers to load a particular software or application. It can contain information such as metadata, links to the location of segmented files, data about the file source, and other critical references needed by the software to properly function. Load files may be seen prominently in electronic discovery (e-discovery) for legal processes, where they play a key role in sequencing and organizing vast amounts of documentation into coherent and manageable blocs. Hence, they contribute significantly to software functionality, data organization and efficient execution of specific computational activities.


The load file is an integral part of data management and information extraction, especially in the fields that entail a massive influx of data like e-Discovery, litigation support, and data analytics. It primarily serves the purpose of indexing the large volumes of data and organizing it in a human-readable format. Essentially, a load file allows for the efficient mapping of thousands or even millions of documents every single day, with each document having multiple data points. It ensures easy document retrieval and comprehensive document management, thereby streamlining the overall workflow.In the context of e-Discovery or litigation, load files are majorly used to import data into a review platform. These review platforms require detailed metadata and extracted text for every document, which is exactly what load files offer. They contain details for each document, like file name, custodian, document date, etc., along with the extracted text itself. Furthermore, load files can establish parent-child relationships between documents, thus ensuring the continuity of email strings or document families. Therefore, these files are essentially the backbone that supports the sophisticated technology of data review platforms and other similar systems.


1. Legal Industry: In the legal field, load files are commonly used during the e-discovery process when lawyers are sifting through potentially millions of documents. These files help in organizing, managing, and searching for specific files using metadata. They load into a review platform to help legal teams manage the electronic evidence.2. Healthcare Sector: In the healthcare industry, load files are used in patient database management. Hospital systems run load files to update their electronic health records, including patient medical histories, appointments and test results. 3. Information Technology: Load files are often used in large-scale data migration projects. For example, a technology company might need to migrate user data when transferring to a new server or upgrading its systems. In this case, the data being transferred would be embodied in the load file. The load file assists in loading the data from the old system into the new one.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

**1. Q: What is a Load File?**A: A Load File is a format used to import or export a bulk amount of data between various programs or databases. It is commonly used in electronic discovery and litigation support applications.**2. Q: What kind of information does a Load File contain?**A: A Load File can contain a range of information from simple text data to more complex information like document metadata, document relationships, or coded data from document reviews.**3. Q: How are Load Files used in legal practice?**A: In legal practice, Load Files are often used in the e-discovery process where large amounts of electronic data are searched, gathered, and exchanged during litigation. This data needs to be sorted and reviewed which is where Load File comes into the picture.**4. Q: In what format are Load Files usually presented?**A: Load Files can come in various formats including .DAT, .OPT, .LFP, .TXT, .CSV, and more. The format largely depends on the import/export requirements of the programs or databases involved.**5. Q: Do all databases accept all types of Load Files?**A: No, not all databases accept all types of Load Files. The acceptance of Load File formats is database-specific, it is determined by the kind of database management software used.**6. Q: Can I manually create a Load File?**A: It is possible to manually create a Load File, but this task can be quite complex and time-consuming, especially with large datasets. It generally requires a good understanding of databases and sometimes even programming or scripting experience.**7. Q: How does a Load File handle confidential information?**A: Load File itself does not handle data confidentiality. It is the duty of the program or database utilizing the Load File to ensure confidential information is encrypted and protected.**8. Q: Can two different databases exchange the same Load File?**A: Two different databases can use the same Load File, provided they both support the same Load File format. However, any customization or specific features might not translate between different systems.**9. Q: Are there industry standards for creating Load Files?**A: While there are general practices for creating Load Files, there aren’t specific industry standards because the format and structure of Load Files can vary greatly depending upon the requirements of the system being used.**10. Q: Can Load Files be used for transferring data in real-time?**A: Generally, Load Files are used for batch processing, not for real-time data transfer. However, with the right setup and capabilities, real-time data transfer might be possible.

Related Tech Terms

  • Metadata
  • File Format
  • Data Importing
  • Delimiters
  • File Conversion

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