Logical Link Control


Logical Link Control (LLC) is a component of the data link layer in the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model of networking. It provides control over the data link connection and establishes the protocol used to communicate between network devices. Moreover, LLC handles error checking, frame synchronization, flow control and manages the communication between network devices.


The phonetics of “Logical Link Control” in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is:ˈlɑːdʒɪkəl lɪŋk kənˈtroʊl

Key Takeaways

  1. Intermediate Layer: Logical Link Control (LLC) is a protocol that provides an interface between the Network Layer(data network) and the Media Access Control layer (MAC). It operates as an intermediate layer to handle errors, flow control, and frame synchronization.
  2. Network Independence: One of the main features of LLC is its ability to support multiple Network Layer protocols independently. This independence aids in the adaption of various network technologies and protocols for an improved data link control system.
  3. Reliable Communication: LLC can provide both reliable and unreliable service depending on the requirements of the Network Layer. It can operate in different modes – Unacknowledged Connectionless mode service for unreliable communication and Connection-oriented mode or Connection-mode service for reliable communication.


Logical Link Control (LLC) is a crucial term in technology because it plays an essential role in maintaining communication over a network. As a part of the data link layer of the OSI (Open Systems Interconnection) model, the LLC provides a way to ensure that data is appropriately routed and delivered between devices. It operates by controlling frame synchronization, flow control, and error checking, which are mandatory for successful data transmission. Without the LLC, network communication could become sporadically disrupted, chaotic, or erroneous. Therefore, understanding Logical Link Control is important particularly for network engineers and IT professionals who deal with network troubleshooting and maintenance.


Logical Link Control (LLC) is a major component of the data link layer in the IEEE 802 LAN protocol. Its primary function is to provide interface and reliability to the upper layer protocols — essentially acting as a bridge between raw link layers and network layers. By doing this, LLC allows for different network technologies (like Ethernet or Wi-Fi) to mesh with different high-level protocols, such as IP or IPX. Furthermore, the LLC layer focuses on achieving frame synchronization, flow control and error checking. Overall, it’s responsible for maintaining the link between two devices that communicate with each other.LLC comes in especially useful in instances where multiple network protocols are being used together. In such a situation, data from a network layer protocol is taken and encapsulated into an LLC frame. Then, the LLC instructs the MAC sublayer to transmit it while the receiving end works in reverse manner to get the data out. Another important function of LLC is providing multiplexing operations that allow the system to communicate over different physical mediums simultaneously. Thus, by managing the interface rules and ensuring smooth data transfer between network and data link layers, LLC plays a vital role in effective network communication.


1. Ethernet Network Connections: In Ethernet-based local area networks (LANs), Logical Link Control (LLC) is used as an upper sub-layer of the data link layer. It provides multiplexing mechanisms that make it possible for several network protocols (IP, IPX, etc.) to coexist within a multipoint network and to be transported over the same network medium. 2. Wi-Fi Networks: LLC is a component used in Wi-Fi wireless networks. It serves to interpret instructions received from the Media Access Control (MAC) layer and prepares data from these instructions for transmission. It also organizes received data for the MAC layer upon receipt.3. Bluetooth Connections: Bluetooth also utilizes LLC in its architecture for transmitting data across devices. The logical link control layer helps in the correct transmission of data and handles error correction if any miscommunication occurs between the connected devices.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

**Q1: What is the Logical Link Control?**A1: The Logical Link Control (LLC) is the upper sublayer of the data link layer of the OSI model for network protocols. It provides multiplexing mechanisms that make it possible for several network protocols to coexist within a multipoint network and to be transported over the same network medium.**Q2: What are the main functions of the Logical Link Control?**A2: The main functions of LLC include error checking, frame synchronization, flow control, and multiplexing.**Q3: How does the Logical Link Control interact with other OSI layers?**A3: The LLC layer works on top of the Media Access Control (MAC) layer and provides an interface with the Network layer above it. It helps in the communication between these two layers.**Q4: Can Logical Link Control operate without Media Access Control (MAC)?**A4: Not typically. The LLC and MAC sublayers work together in the data link layer to facilitate smooth communication. The MAC sublayer manages the physical interface, while the LLC manages communication over the logical interface.**Q5: Are LLC and MAC always used together?**A5: In an OSI model, yes. The Logical Link Control (LLC) provides the logic for managing communication links, while the Media Access Control (MAC) provides the physical means. They both constitutively form the data link layer of the OSI model.**Q6: Is Logical Link Control responsible for data delivery to the correct machine?**A6: No, that responsibility falls under the Network layer of the OSI model. The LLC only ensures that the data is properly formatted for transmission and then properly unpackaged upon receipt. **Q7: Why is the Logical Link Control so important to data communication?**A7: The Logical Link Control (LLC) plays a crucial role in enabling communication protocols within a network. It provides a way to multiplex the network traffic, control the flow, and check for errors, ensuring smooth and reliable data transfer.**Q8: Does Logical Link Control manage the actual transmission of data?**A8: No, the actual data transmission is handled by the MAC sub-layer of the data link layer. The LLC only ensures the data is properly packaged for transmission.

Related Tech Terms

  • Link Layer
  • Data Link Layer
  • Media Access Control
  • IEEE 802.2 Standard
  • Network Architecture

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