In the HTML 3.2 specification, there was no way for an author to associate text with an intrinsic control such as a radio button or text box. Unlike an tag, which has an accompanying tag and encloses text, the tag does not have an tag. Therefore, screen readers have a difficult time finding exactly which text to use to describe the control to the user.
HTML 4.0 introduces the LABEL tag, which allows the author to associate text with another HTML element. This is particularly useful for associating text with intrinsic controls. Whenever an intrinsic control is used on a page, a LABEL tag containing its associated text should accompany it. Doing so provides an additional benefit: clicking the label toggles the value of the associated intrinsic control. To associate a LABEL tag with a radio button, use the following HTML syntax: