Determine the Windows version (without any API call)

Determine the Windows version (without any API call)

You can use the GetVersion or GetVersionEx API functions to determine which Windows version the application is running on. However, there is a much simpler solution, based on the fact that Windows NT creates an environment variable named “OS” while Windows 95/98 don’t. So you can quickly discern between Windows 9x and NT using this one-liner:

' the OS environment variable returns "Windows_NT" or a null stringisWindowsNt = Environ$("OS") <> ""

Windows 2000 (at least the RC1 version of the Advanced Server edition) does support the OS environment variable, but it returns the string “Windows_NT”, so this variable can’t be used to discern Windows NT and 2000. However, Windows 2000 apparently creates more environment variables than Windows NT, so you can use any one of them, for example the PROGRAMFILES variable:

If Len(Environ$("OS")) = 0 Then    Debug.Print "Windows 95/98"ElseIf Len(Environ$("PROGRAMFILES")) = 0 Then    Debug.Print "Windows NT"Else    Debug.Print "Windows 2000"End If

IMPORTANT: As mentioned above, this code is based on tests performed on Windows 2000 Advanced Server Release Candidate 1. It is possible that the Professional edition of Windows 2000 behaves differently, and also that the final version of Windows 2000 will load a different value in the OS environment variable, thus making the above code unnecessary.

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