Definition of AI-Complete

AI-Complete, also known as AI-Hard, refers to a class of computational problems in the field of artificial intelligence that are considered as complex as achieving human-level intelligence. Solving an AI-Complete problem typically involves tackling multiple, highly interconnected sub-problems related to various aspects of human cognition, such as natural language understanding, learning, and reasoning. The term suggests that if an AI system can successfully solve an AI-Complete problem, it would demonstrate intelligence comparable to that of a human.


The phonetic representation of “AI-Complete” using the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is: /ˌeɪ.aɪ kəmˈpliːt/

Key Takeaways

  1. AI-Complete refers to problems that, if solved, would essentially demonstrate the capability of an artificial intelligence to perform any intellectual task a human can do.
  2. Examples of AI-Complete tasks include natural language understanding, recognizing and interpreting visual information, and exhibiting human-like creativity and general intelligence.
  3. AI-Complete problems are typically complex and involve multiple sub-problems that require deep understanding, reasoning, and adaptation across various domains.

Importance of AI-Complete

The term AI-Complete is important because it represents a specific class of problems in artificial intelligence that are considered to be as difficult as achieving full human-level intelligence.

Solving AI-Complete tasks would essentially mean that a machine can demonstrate a mastery of cognitive tasks that humans excel at, like natural language understanding, learning from new experiences, critical decision making, and problem-solving.

AI-Complete problems serve as benchmarks and ultimate goals for researchers in the field, guiding the development and evaluation of AI systems.

Achieving AI-Complete status would have significant implications across various industries and society at large, leading to new breakthroughs, ethical questions, and a paradigm shift in human-machine interactions.


AI-Complete refers to a class of computational tasks that are considered to be as difficult as, or equivalent to, the full range of tasks a human being can perform with intelligence. In other words, finding a viable solution for any AI-Complete problem would require creating an artificial intelligence system with the capacity to mimic human cognitive abilities in its entirety.

This includes problem solving, decision making, reasoning, learning, and understanding natural language. The purpose of classifying a problem as AI-Complete is to establish a benchmark for the development of artificial intelligence systems.

AI-Complete problems are often used to gauge the progress of AI research and determine the likelihood of achieving human-level intelligence in machines. Successfully solving AI-Complete problems would mean that the AI system has achieved “strong AI” or human-level intelligence.

This is a significant milestone, as it would have wide-ranging applications in science, medicine, communication, entertainment, and many other fields, as the AI is capable enough to perform any intellectual task a human can do.

Examples of AI-Complete

AI-Complete is a term used to describe artificial intelligence tasks that are as complex as human intelligence. This implies that successfully achieving AI-Complete technology would mean the AI system can perform any intellectual task that a human can do. While we have yet to create a truly AI-Complete system, there are some real-world examples showcasing significant advancements in artificial intelligence. Here are three examples:

AI Language Models: OpenAI’s GPT-3 (Generative Pre-trained Transformer 3) is an advanced language model that can generate human-like text based on the input provided. GPT-3 is capable of understanding context, answering questions, summarizing content, translating languages, and even writing code. It demonstrates an impressive level of natural language understanding, a significant step towards AI-Complete systems.

AI-Generated Art: is an online service that uses deep learning algorithms to create artwork from photographs. The AI system can analyze and understand various artistic styles and then apply those styles to the input image, generating a unique piece of art. The ability to understand and generate art pieces is an essential aspect of human creativity, and advancements in AI-generated artwork showcase progress toward AI-Complete systems.

AI in Medical Diagnostics: IBM’s Watson for Oncology is an AI system that uses natural language processing and machine learning to analyze medical records, research publications, and treatment guidelines, assisting doctors in diagnosing and treating cancer patients. Watson for Oncology can understand medical context, recognize relevant information, and generate treatment plans. Such AI systems could eventually improve diagnostic accuracy, personalizing treatment for individual patients, and showcase our progress towards an AI-Complete system.

FAQ: AI-Complete

1. What is AI-Complete?

AI-Complete refers to a problem in artificial intelligence that is considered to be as tough as solving general human intelligence. In other words, an AI-Complete problem requires an AI system to have human-level cognitive abilities in order to solve the problem effectively.

2. What problems are considered AI-Complete?

Problems like natural language understanding, computer vision, robotic movement and empathy, and autonomous decision-making are often considered AI-Complete. These problems require an AI system to possess human-like understanding, reasoning, and problem-solving abilities.

3. How is AI-Complete different from AI-Hard?

AI-Hard is a term used to describe problems that are difficult for computers to solve, whereas AI-Complete refers to problems that specifically require human-level intelligence to be solved. It could be said that AI-Complete problems are a subset of AI-Hard problems, with the distinguishing factor being the need for human-like cognition.

4. What are some examples of AI-Complete tasks?

Examples of AI-Complete tasks include natural language understanding, machine translation, speech recognition, image recognition, theorem proving, and playing complex strategy games like chess and Go, where deep understanding and strategy are required.

5. Why is it important to study AI-Complete problems?

Studying AI-Complete problems can lead to advancements in artificial intelligence that might bring AI systems closer to human-level intelligence. This could result in significant breakthroughs in various fields, such as medicine, education, entertainment, and transportation. Additionally, understanding and addressing AI-Complete problems can help scientists uncover the underlying principles of human cognition and develop better AI systems.

Related Technology Terms

  • Turing Test
  • Natural Language Processing
  • Machine Learning
  • Computer Vision
  • Neural Networks

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