Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing

Definition of Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing

Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (COFDM) is a digital multi-carrier modulation scheme used in communication systems like Wi-Fi, Digital Radio, and Digital TV broadcasts. It divides a data stream into multiple narrowband channels, known as subcarriers, which are transmitted simultaneously at different frequencies while remaining orthogonal to each other. This method helps in reducing interference and increasing resistance to multipath distortion, thus improving the overall signal quality and data transfer rate.


The phonetic pronunciation for the keyword “Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing” is:KOH-ded or-THOG-uh-nuhl FREE-kwuh n-see Dih-VI-zhun muhl-TI-pleks-ing

Key Takeaways

  1. Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (COFDM) is a digital multi-carrier modulation scheme that divides the available spectrum into multiple orthogonal subcarriers, allowing simultaneous transmission of data symbols and improving spectral efficiency.
  2. COFDM is highly robust against various channel impairments such as multipath fading and narrowband interference, making it ideal for use in wireless communication systems like digital broadcasting and Wi-Fi standards.
  3. By implementing error-correcting coding techniques, such as Forward Error Correction (FEC), COFDM can further enhance the system’s performance, reliability, and resistance to noise and interference, enabling successful data transmission even in challenging environments.

Importance of Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing

Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (COFDM) is important in the field of technology because it offers a highly efficient and robust method for transmitting data in various communication systems.

It combines the advantages of Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) and channel coding to provide enhanced performance in environments with multipath propagation and interference.

COFDM enables high-speed data transmission over large distances with minimal signal degradation, making it crucial for applications such as wireless networks, digital audio, and video broadcasting.

Additionally, COFDM can adapt flexibly to varying channel conditions and spectrum requirements, leading to its widespread adoption in modern communication standards like Wi-Fi, LTE, and DVB-T.


Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (COFDM) serves a crucial purpose in modern communication systems by enabling highly efficient and reliable transmission of data over multiple frequencies. This technology is particularly essential in scenarios where communication systems encounter significant interference, such as urban environments, broadcasting, and wireless networks.

By leveraging the advantages of both encoding and Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM), COFDM effectively mitigates common issues like multipath distortion and fading, ensuring that data can be transmitted and received with minimal loss or corruption. COFDM gains its robustness by breaking down a usually high-speed single data stream into multiple low-speed sub-carriers that are modulated and transmitted over orthogonal frequencies.

The data is then encoded using forward error correction (FEC) techniques which add redundancy, allowing receivers to recover the original data even if part of it is lost or corrupted during transmission. This greatly improves the signal’s resilience against interference, noise, and other detrimental factors.

Today, COFDM is widely used in various applications, including digital audio broadcasting (DAB), digital video broadcasting (DVB-T), and wireless communication systems like Wi-Fi (IEEE 802.11) and 4G/5G cellular networks. Its ability to deliver enhanced performance and reliability has been instrumental in the widespread adoption of wireless communication and digital broadcasting services worldwide.

Examples of Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing

Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (COFDM) is a technology that combines both modulation and coding techniques to improve signal transmission and increase data rate in wireless communication systems. Here are three real-world examples of COFDM technology:Digital Television Broadcasting: COFDM is widely used in digital television transmission, such as the Digital Video Broadcasting-Terrestrial (DVB-T) system in Europe, Australia, and some parts of Asia. DVB-T provides clear and high-quality television reception, even in areas with dense geographic structures. COFDM’s capacity to support multiple frequencies helps overcome transmission challenges such as multipath fading and co-channel interference, providing an enhanced viewing experience for millions of viewers.

Wi-Fi Networks: COFDM is an essential component of the IEEE11 (Wi-Fi) wireless network standard, particularly used in

11a,11g, and

11n versions. The COFDM technology allows Wi-Fi devices to maintain high data rates and reliable connections despite interference from neighboring networks, physical obstructions, and multipath fading. This enables users to efficiently access the internet, stream media, and transfer files within a wireless environment.Mobile Broadband: The 4G Long-Term Evolution (LTE) mobile broadband standard uses COFDM technology to deliver high-speed internet and enhanced mobile communication services. COFDM improves the performance of LTE networks by efficiently handling the large amount of data traffic, enabling users to access high-quality voice calls, video streaming, and other data-intensive applications on their mobile devices. It also plays a crucial role in achieving low-latency and high-capacity connections required by modern wireless applications.

FAQ: Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing

What is Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (COFDM)?

Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (COFDM) is a digital multi-carrier modulation scheme that enables the transmission of data efficiently over multiple narrowband carriers within a radio frequency range. It utilizes Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) combined with error-correcting codes to improve the overall performance of the communication system.

What are the advantages of COFDM?

COFDM has several advantages, including robustness against multi-path distortion, resistance to frequency-selective fading, efficient use of available bandwidth, and enhanced capability to handle multiple users simultaneously. Its error-correcting codes also ensure improved data reliability and quality of service.

What are the applications of COFDM?

COFDM is widely used in various wireless communication systems such as Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB), Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB), and Long Term Evolution (LTE) cellular networks. It is also used in Wi-Fi standards, WiMAX, and other broadband wireless access technologies.

How does COFDM improve multi-path performance?

COFDM divides the input data into multiple smaller data streams and transmits them simultaneously over separate sub-carriers. The individual sub-carriers have a longer symbol duration, which makes them more resistant to multi-path distortion and enables the receiver to better equalize the channel. Additionally, COFDM incorporates a guard interval between the transmitted symbols that helps combat the effects of delay spread in the transmission channel.

What is the role of error-correcting codes in COFDM?

Error-correcting codes, also known as Forward Error Correction (FEC), play an important role in COFDM by providing redundancy in the transmitted data. They enable the receiver to detect and correct bit errors without requiring additional retransmissions, reducing the overall error rate and improving the performance and reliability of the communication system.

Related Technology Terms

  • Fast Fourier Transform (FFT)
  • Inter-symbol interference (ISI)
  • Channel estimation
  • Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM)
  • Error correction coding

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