The term “flame” in technology usually refers to a hostile or insulting message sent to a user in an online community or forum. It is often intended to provoke a negative response or to criticize someone’s opinion, ideas, or beliefs. Flaming is considered a form of cyberbullying and can lead to heated arguments and a negative online environment.


The phonetic transcription of the keyword “Flame” in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is: /fleɪm/

Key Takeaways

  1. Flame malware is a sophisticated and powerful cyber-espionage tool, mainly targeting Middle Eastern countries and their critical infrastructures.
  2. It has the ability to steal sensitive information, including but not limited to, documents, images, audio recordings, and details of users’ online activities, by leveraging various functionalities and modules.
  3. Flame is highly modular and stealthy, allowing it to evade detection for extended periods, making it a prime example of state-sponsored advanced persistent threats (APT) in the cyber landscape.


The technology term “Flame” is important because it refers to a sophisticated and highly complex malware, also known as “Flame” or “Flamer,” that primarily targets cyber espionage and data gathering from critical infrastructures and government entities.

Discovered in 2012, Flame is considered to be one of the most advanced nation-state cyber-espionage tools ever discovered, mainly due to its size, modular construction, advanced exploitation capabilities, and wide array of information-gathering techniques.

Flame’s capability to go undetected for years highlights the increasing sophistication of cyber threats and the need for stronger defenses, particularly for sensitive systems that are essential for national security or economic stability.

This malware exemplifies the fine line between legitimate and malicious uses of technology, demonstrating the importance of vigilance, research, and investment in cybersecurity measures.


Flame, a sophisticated malware discovered in 2012, is utilized primarily for the purpose of cyber espionage. Specifically designed to target critical infrastructures, systems, and sensitive data, Flame is primarily aimed at countries in the Middle East. This malicious software infiltrates computer systems through various security vulnerabilities, granting the attacker a wide range of control and surveillance capabilities. Once inside the system, Flame has the ability to spread to other devices through a local network or via the use of USB sticks.

The primary purpose of Flame is to covertly gather sensitive information that could be useful to adversaries, such as governments or other organizations involved in intelligence operations. Ultimately, the data acquired by Flame can be used to mastermind strategic decisions or exploit weaknesses in the target’s infrastructure. One of the reasons for Flame’s notoriety is its remarkable complexity and versatile set of built-in functionalities. Some of its capabilities include intercepting internet traffic, monitoring keystrokes, remote desktop control, disabling security software, and recording audio conversations.

Flame can adapt and evolve to carry out advanced reconnaissance tasks, making it difficult to track, contain, or remove from an infected system. Due to its modular design, the operators behind Flame can tailor its functions according to the specific target environment and objectives. Moreover, the malware is capable of receiving updates and new modules, allowing it to stay current and prevent countermeasures. In conclusion, Flame represents a powerful tool in the realm of cyber warfare, with its purpose focused on stealthily acquiring information that can have significant repercussions in geopolitical affairs.

Examples of Flame

Flame is a sophisticated malware that was mainly used for cyber espionage. It was discovered in 2012, and it primarily targeted Middle Eastern countries for cyber surveillance purposes. Here are three real-world examples of Flame:

Iranian Cyber Attack: Flame was initially discovered when it was targeting Iran’s oil and gas industry. The malware aimed at stealing sensitive data from the computer systems of Iranian Oil Ministry and National Iranian Oil Company. Flame’s capabilities for spying and collecting data (including passwords, documents, emails, and audio) enabled the cyberespionage campaign to impact several Iranian companies affiliated with the energy sector.

Middle Eastern Cyber Espionage: Flame was employed in various cyber espionage operations across the Middle East, targeting not only Iran but also countries like Israel, Palestine, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Sudan, and Syria. As a complex and modular threat, Flame allowed the attackers to take screenshots, record audio, map networks, and collect keystroke data, enabling the perpetrators to conduct high-level monitoring of operators, industrial controls, and communication within various companies and institutions in these regions.

Stuxnet Connection: Flame shares some code similarities with another notorious cyber weapon, Stuxnet. Stuxnet was a cyberattack that targeted Iranian nuclear facilities in 2010, causing significant damage to their uranium enrichment capabilities. The fact that both pieces of malware have similarities indicates that they could have been developed by the same or cooperating nation-state actors, further highlighting the significance of Flame in the world of cybersecurity and cyber warfare.

Flame FAQ

What is a flame?

A flame is the visible, gaseous part of a fire, often characterized by a bright, flickering glow caused by burning gases or vapors, such as carbon dioxide and water vapor.

How is a flame produced?

A flame is produced through the process of combustion, where a material reacts with oxygen in the presence of heat, causing the release of energy in the form of light and heat. For a flame to be sustained, it requires a continuous supply of fuel, oxygen, and heat.

What are the different types of flames?

There are several types of flames, primarily categorized based on their color, temperature, and combustion process. Some common types include blue flames, yellow flames, and red flames, which result from different fuel sources and oxygen levels.

What causes the different colors of flames?

The colors of flames are caused by different atomic or molecular transitions taking place within the combustion process. For example, blue flames occur when a material burns at a high temperature with enough oxygen, causing a chemical reaction that emits blue light. Yellow flames are typically caused by the presence of carbon particles (soot) that glow when heated. Red flames typically indicate a lower temperature combustion process.

How hot is a flame?

The temperature of a flame can vary greatly depending on the materials being combusted and the amount of oxygen present. Flame temperatures can range from approximately 1,112°F (600°C) for a cool red flame to over 5,000°F (2,760°C) for an intensely hot blue flame.

What are the safety precautions to take when handling flames?

Some safety precautions when handling flames include: maintaining a safe distance from the flame, using appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) such as gloves and goggles, ensuring proper ventilation to maintain adequate oxygen levels, and never leaving an open flame unattended. It’s important to follow all manufacturer’s instructions when using equipment or materials that produce flames, and to familiarize oneself with emergency procedures should a fire occur.

Related Technology Terms

  • Malware
  • Cyber Espionage
  • Advanced Persistent Threat (APT)
  • Data Exfiltration
  • Modular Architecture

Sources for More Information


About The Authors

The DevX Technology Glossary is reviewed by technology experts and writers from our community. Terms and definitions continue to go under updates to stay relevant and up-to-date. These experts help us maintain the almost 10,000+ technology terms on DevX. Our reviewers have a strong technical background in software development, engineering, and startup businesses. They are experts with real-world experience working in the tech industry and academia.

See our full expert review panel.

These experts include:


About Our Editorial Process

At DevX, we’re dedicated to tech entrepreneurship. Our team closely follows industry shifts, new products, AI breakthroughs, technology trends, and funding announcements. Articles undergo thorough editing to ensure accuracy and clarity, reflecting DevX’s style and supporting entrepreneurs in the tech sphere.

See our full editorial policy.

More Technology Terms

Technology Glossary

Table of Contents