Network Computing


Network computing refers to the use of computers and other devices interconnected through a communication system, such as the internet or a local area network (LAN). This enables sharing of resources, data, and applications among devices for efficient computing and collaboration. The concept promotes distributed processing, where tasks are divided among multiple machines or systems for optimal performance and productivity.

Key Takeaways

  1. Network Computing refers to the use of computers and devices interconnected through a communication network, allowing them to share resources, data, and applications.
  2. It enables greater efficiency and collaboration by allowing users to access shared files, storage, and applications from any connected device, as well as simplifying system maintenance and updates.
  3. Common types of network computing systems include Local Area Networks (LANs), Wide Area Networks (WANs), and Cloud Computing, all of which vary in scale, geographic range, and architecture.


Network computing is vital in today’s technologically driven world because it enables devices and systems to communicate, exchange data, and work collectively, greatly enhancing efficiency and resource sharing.

By connecting computers and other devices through networks, organizations can centralize data storage, streamline business processes, optimize resource utilization, and allow users to access files and collaborate seamlessly.

Network computing encompasses various components such as hardware, software, and communication protocols, ensuring smooth interoperability and connectivity to accomplish diverse tasks.

As the foundation of modern IT infrastructure, network computing plays a crucial role in driving innovation, improving productivity, and supporting organizational growth in a increasingly connected world.


Network computing serves as a foundation for modern communication and collaboration, enabling the sharing of resources and information to enhance productivity and efficiency. This technology aims to simplify and optimize the digital experience by connecting devices, systems, and people. It enables various computers to work collectively as a single unit, with diverse functions such as data storage, processing, and exchange.

Network computing fosters seamless communication, agility, and accessibility, which are essential for businesses and organizations to thrive in the rapidly evolving digital landscape. Networked devices can exchange applications, software, and services, thus supporting remote work and distance learning, streamlining operations, and protecting valuable data. In addition to boosting collaboration, network computing plays a critical role in managing and distributing computing resources.

By allowing data centers and other facilities to store and process information, this technology cuts down on redundancies, supports load balancing, and ensures that users have the most up-to-date content. Furthermore, advancements in cloud-based solutions permit users to access a multitude of applications without the need for local installations, greatly reducing the burden on individual devices. Ultimately, network computing stimulates innovation and growth, creating a more interconnected and efficient world.

Examples of Network Computing

Cloud Computing Services: Cloud computing, such as Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform, is a prime example of network computing in the modern world. Companies, organizations, and individuals can access computing resources, storage, and applications on demand through the internet. The data is stored across multiple servers and locations, ensuring efficient and scalable network computing.

Content Delivery Networks (CDNs): A CDN, like Akamai or Cloudflare, is a global network of servers that work together to store and deliver content to users over the internet. CDNs store copies of web pages, images, and other content at several data centers around the world, enabling faster load times and reducing the latency for end users. When a user requests content, the CDN server closest to the user’s location is used to deliver the content, showcasing network computing’s ability to distribute and optimize computing resources.

Internet of Things (IoT) Devices: IoT refers to a network of interconnected devices and sensors that collect, process, and share data. Examples include smart home devices like Nest thermostats, Google Home, Amazon Echo, and interconnected security systems. These devices communicate with each other and with central servers through the internet, allowing users to remotely control and monitor their devices. Network computing is essential in managing the data flow and communication between these connected devices and processing the vast amounts of data generated by IoT devices.

Network Computing FAQ

What is network computing?

Network computing is an advanced computing model that involves the use of multiple computers and devices connected via a network to share resources such as storage, processing power, and data. This interconnected system offers efficient data processing, resource optimization, and enhanced collaboration among connected devices.

What are the main components of network computing?

Network computing consists of a few primary components: computers, or nodes, connected to each other; networking hardware such as routers, switches, and hubs; communication links that consist of wired (Ethernet) or wireless (Wi-Fi) connections; and networking software responsible for managing and controlling the network’s functions.

What are the advantages of network computing?

Some advantages of network computing include resource sharing, centralized management, cost savings, improved collaboration, scalability, and easier data backup and recovery. Network computing helps organizations optimize resource utilization, simplify management, and enhance the overall system’s efficiency.

What is the difference between network computing and cloud computing?

Network computing involves connecting computers and devices within a local network, whereas cloud computing refers to the delivery of computing resources and services over the internet from remote servers. Cloud computing services include software, storage, and processing power accessed through an internet connection and are usually provided by third-party providers.

What are the different types of network topologies?

Network topologies define how devices are connected within a network. The main types of network topologies are bus, ring, star, mesh, and hybrid. Each topology has its advantages and disadvantages regarding performance, fault tolerance, and cost, depending on the organization’s needs.

What are the key challenges in network computing?

Some of the key challenges in network computing include network security, data privacy, efficient resource allocation, network congestion, network management, and scalability. Proper planning, implementation, and regular monitoring help address these challenges while maintaining a robust and secure network computing environment.

Related Technology Terms

  • Network Topology
  • Client-Server Architecture
  • Packet Switching
  • Network Protocols
  • Cloud Computing

Sources for More Information


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