In technology terms, a transaction refers to a single logical operation of data or sequence of operations on data. It’s designed to transform a system from one consistent state to another consistent state. Transactions are often used in database systems and financial computing for data accuracy and reliability.


The phonetic spelling of the word “Transaction” is: /trænˈsækʃən/

Key Takeaways

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  1. Transaction Definition: A transaction is an agreement or exchange between a buyer and a seller. It can involve goods, services or funds. Usually, a transaction impacts the financial status of the related parties.
  2. Types of Transactions: There are different types of transactions like cash transactions, credit transactions, online transactions, and others. These various forms provide flexibility and convenience to all involved parties.
  3. Importance of Accuracy: It is crucial to keep accurate records of all transactions. These records are essential for auditing purposes, taxation, budgeting, and can help in dispute resolutions.



In the realm of technology, the term “transaction” holds significance primarily due to its pivotal role in database management and online businesses. A transaction refers to a single, logical operation of data that is treated as an indivisible, atomic unit of work. In other words, either all the tasks within the transaction are executed successfully or none of them are. This ensures data integrity, reliability and consistency, even in the event of a system failure. In online businesses, a transaction corresponds to an exchange or interaction between the business and its customers, and maintaining the record and accuracy of these transactions is crucial for financial accuracy, customer trust, and business analytics. Thus, the concept of a transaction is fundamental in technology for efficient data management and seamless business processes.


In the realm of technology, whether it’s software design, database management, or digital currencies, the term ‘transaction’ refers to a logical unit of work that can be committed (finished) or aborted (rolled back). One of the main purposes of a transaction is to ensure data integrity and consistency. For instance, in a banking database, when a customer transfers money from one account to another, it’s essential that the amount is subtracted from the first account and added to the second account successfully. If the process fails after subtracting from the first account but before adding to the second, the system must be able to roll back the transaction to maintain data accuracy. Transactions are also pivotal in safeguarding system performance, particularly in concurrent systems. Imagine two users trying to book the last available ticket to a concert through an online booking platform at the same time. Transactions allow the system to manage these concurrent requests effectively, ensuring only one user is able to book the ticket, thus protecting the platform from inconsistency and confusion. To sum it up, transactions are key to ensuring the successful, correct, and efficient exchange of information in various technology applications.


1. Online Shopping: When you buy a product from an online store like Amazon or eBay, a transaction takes place. Information such as product details, price, customer id, payment method, and delivery details are all considered part of this transaction. 2. Banking and Finance: Each time you use your credit or debit card to make purchases, a digital transaction occurs. Similarly, transferring money from your account to another, paying bills online or making investments, all involve transactions.3. Ticket Booking: When you book a ticket for a movie, concert, or flight online, a transaction takes place. This includes the selection of the seat, payment processing, and receiving a confirmation record of the booking.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

Q: What is a transaction in terms of technology?A: A transaction, in the context of technology, usually refers to a sequence of actions or operations that are carried out as a single, indivisible unit of work. In databases, for example, this may refer to operations such as reading, writing, updating, or deleting data.Q: Are all transactions related to financial terms?A: Not necessarily. While the term ‘transaction’ might seem to be only related to financial activities, in computing it can refer to a wide range of operations, such as updating a database, sending an email, or even downloading a file.Q: What does it mean when a transaction is atomic?A: In transaction processing, atomicity refers to the concept of a transaction being ‘all or nothing’. This simply means that if any part of the transaction fails, then the entire transaction fails, and the database is left unchanged.Q: What are the properties of transactions?A: Transactions are characterized by four key properties, known as ACID properties – Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, and Durability. These properties ensure that executed transactions bring the database from one valid state to another.Q: How are transactions implemented in a database?A: Transactions in a database are typically implemented through a combination of techniques like logs, locks, timestamps, or versioning. These help ensure the ACID properties and the integrity of the data in the database.Q: What is a committed transaction?A: A committed transaction is one that has been successfully completed and the changes persist, even in the case of any subsequent failure.Q: What is a rolled-back transaction?A: A rolled-back transaction is an uncompleted or failed transaction. Any changes made during the transaction are undone, and the database is restored to its state before the transaction started.Q: What is concurrent transactions?A: Concurrent transactions are multiple transactions that are executed during overlapping time intervals. In a multi-user database, the system may allow concurrent execution of numerous transactions. Q: What is transaction log?A: A transaction log is a history of all transactions that have been performed against a database. It can also store additional information such as the start time of the transaction and the user who performed it. This log can be used to roll back transactions or recover from system failures.

Related Tech Terms

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  • Transaction Processing System
  • E-commerce Transactions
  • Database Transaction
  • Blockchain Transaction
  • Secure Electronic Transaction


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