Network Management


Network Management refers to the process of administering and managing computer networks. It includes various services and tasks including network configuration, performance monitoring, and troubleshooting. It’s aimed at ensuring that a network operates smoothly and efficiently, and it maintains the quality of service according to the network policies.


The phonetics of “Network Management” are: Network: /ˈnɛt.wɜːrk/Management: /ˈmæn.ɪdʒ.mənt/

Key Takeaways

  1. Efficiency: Network Management aids in optimizing network performance and operations. It provides real-time monitoring and management of network resources ensuring seamless flow of data and minimizing any possible downtime.
  2. Security: One of the key aspects of Network Management is security. It involves ensuring the network’s security from threats, breaches, and unauthorized access. This is achieved through a combination of firewalls, antivirus software, and intrusion detection systems.
  3. Scalability: Network Management provides flexibility and scalability. As a business grows, the network can be easily expanded or modified to meet new requirements. Likewise, unused or unnecessary network resources can also be effectively managed or removed.


Network Management is critically important in the contemporary technology landscape for several reasons. It refers to the process of administering and overseeing the performance of a computer network to ensure its optimal function. By continually monitoring, controlling, and assessing a network’s performance, administrators are able to identify any potential issues and rectify them before they seriously impact the network’s function. Network management facilitates effective communication, data transfer, storage, and overall system reliability in both individual and enterprise capacities. It upholds security, optimizes performance, and aids in growth planning, contributing greatly to operational efficiency. Hence, in today’s digital age, the importance of network management cannot be overstated.


Network management plays a crucial role in ensuring that an organization’s digital communication infrastructure performs optimally. Its main purpose is to detect, monitor, maintain, and optimize a network system for smooth and reliable operation. This broad term encompasses various functions such as detecting and repairing network issues, tracking performance metrics, and implementing network policies and standards. By ensuring optimal network performance, network management enables efficient communication and data exchange, supporting the operational continuity of a business.Practically, network management is used for multiple purposes, such as coordinating and controlling various network resources, performing backups, combating threats and cyber-attacks, allocating network bandwidth and managing network traffic. Furthermore, it is instrumental in quickly diagnosing and resolving network-related problems, minimizing downtime and disruptions in a business’s operations. Network management also ensures network security by controlling user access, ensuring policy compliance, and responding to threats. Overall, it is pivotal in maintaining the functionality and performance levels of a network infrastructure, enabling businesses to operate without interruption.


1. Internet Service Provider (ISP) Operations: One of the most common examples of network management in the real world is at an ISP level. ISPs use network management techniques to monitor and control their networks. This includes ensuring consistent broadband speed, solving any network related issues, administering devices connected to the network, and maintaining network security. Network traffic is constantly analyzed to avoid congestion and prevent any interruptions in service.2. Corporate Network Control: In large corporations, the IT department usually implements advanced network management to support various operations. This can include managing a complex network infrastructure composed of multiple devices like computers, printers, servers, routers, switches, and more. Network Management tools help the IT team watch the usage of these devices, conduct regular maintenance, diagnose and address hardware and software issues, and secure the network against potential threats.3. Telecommunications Networks: Telecommunication network providers use network management to ensure reliable connections for customers. This includes managing cell towers, routers, and switches to make certain all devices maintain connections with the network. They use network management techniques to maintain service quality, support new upgrades in technology, troubleshoot any network failures, and conserve network resources to ensure efficient use. They also protect the network from any security threats.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

**Q1: What is Network Management?**A1: Network Management refers to the process of administering, managing, and operating a data network, such as a Local Area Network (LAN) or Wide Area Network (WAN). This involves a wide range of functions like fault analysis, performance management, provision of network and configuring, maintaining quality of service, etc.**Q2: What are some components of Network Management?**A2: Components of network management typically include configuration management, performance tracking, security management, fault identification and diagnosis.**Q3: What are the network management protocols?**A3: Common network management protocols include Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP), Common Management Information Protocol (CMIP), and NetConf.**Q4: Why is Network Management important?**A4: Network management is crucial because it maintains the integrity and performance level of networks, can solve potential IT issues timely, minimizes network downtime, and ensures productivity and efficiency in an organization are not disrupted.**Q5: What is the role of a Network Manager?**A5: A Network Manager oversees the operations of a network system. They are responsible for installation, configuration and upgrade of network components, troubleshooting network issues, conducting regular maintenance, and ensuring the network’s security.**Q6: What tools are used in Network Management?**A6: There are numerous tools used in Network Management, such as network analyzers, network traffic management tools, network security tools, and IP address management tools. Some popular tools are SolarWinds, Nagios, PRTG, etc.**Q7: What is a Network Management Software?**A7: Network Management Software is a collection of tools that allows network administrators to oversee the performance and functionality of a network. These tools help in managing and identifying devices within a network, monitoring their performance, and diagnosing problems.**Q8: What is the difference between Network Management and System Management?**A8: While Network Management focusses on administering and managing the network components such as routers, switches, hubs etc., System Management is a broader term that includes managing and monitoring the entire IT system including applications, networks, servers, storage, databases and overall performance.**Q9: What is the idea behind proactive Network Management?**A9: Proactive Network Management emphasizes on identifying and addressing issues before they become serious problems or before they can affect users or critical operations. This may include regular monitoring of network performance, regular software updates, and routinely checking network security.**Q10: What are some challenges in Network Management?**A10: Some common challenges in Network Management include maintaining network performance, achieving network availability, managing network complexity due to varied devices and configurations, ensuring network security amidst growing security threats, and managing network changes.

Related Tech Terms

  • Network Topology
  • Network Traffic Analysis
  • Network Security
  • Network Performance Monitoring
  • Network Configuration

Sources for More Information


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