String and character literals provide an escape mechanism that allows express character codes that would otherwise not be allowed in the literal. An escape sequence consists of a backslash character () followed by one or more other characters. The same sequences are valid in both character and string literals.
The complete set of escape sequences is as follows:
Escape sequence meaning:
\ Denotes a backslash () character' Denotes a single-quote (') character" Denotes a double-quote (") character Denotes a line feed (LF) character Denotes a carriage return (CR) character Denotes a horizontal tab (HT) characterf Denotes a form feed (FF) character Denotes a backspace (BS) character
Denotes a character code in the range 0 to 255.